By Åshild Næss, Even Hovdhaugen
Vaeakau-Taumako, sometimes called Pileni, is a Polynesian Outlier language spoken within the Reef and Duff Islands within the Solomon Islands' Temotu Province. this can be a space of serious linguistic range and long-standing language touch which has had far-reaching results at the linguistic scenario.
Historically, audio system of Vaeakau-Taumako have been shipbuilders and navigators who made exchange voyages through the region, bringing them into consistent touch with audio system of the Reefs-Santa Cruz, Utupua and Vanikoro languages. The latter languages are just distantly concerning Vaeakau-Taumako, making up an only in the near past pointed out first-order subgroup of Oceanic. Polynesian audio system first arrived within the region a few 700-1000 years in the past from the center Polynesian parts to the east. whereas this day such a lot intra-group verbal exchange occurs in Solomon Islands Pijin, routinely the placement used to be one among huge multilingualism, and this has left profound lines within the grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako, which exhibits a couple of structural homes no longer recognized from different Polynesian languages.
A Grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako is the main finished grammar of any Polynesian Outlier thus far, and the 1st full-length grammar of any language of Temotu Province. in accordance with vast fieldwork, it's based as a reference grammar facing all facets of language constitution, from phonology to discourse association, and together with a range of glossed texts. it will likely be of curiosity to typologists, Oceanic linguists, and researchers drawn to language touch.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Vaeakau-Taumako
3. 1. Basic vowel inventory All three dialects of Vaeakau-Taumako show the common five-vowel system found in all Polynesian and many other Austronesian languages: /a, e, i, o, u/. 2. 1. Vowel quality Iii is a front, close, uurounded vowel, slightly more open than cardinal vowel I. 5 By contrast, in Aiwoo, the interaction between vowel elision and stress is predictable; the form nepulu would here be pronounced [ne'pun. 24 Phonology lei is a front, half-close, unrounded vowel, practically identical to cardinal vowel2, Ia!
28 Phonology ever, given cases like nepulu [ne'pulu, ne'plu], where the stressed vowel does appear to be elided, this may not be a relevant objection. 13 Morphophonological processes provide no conclusive evidence. 3) added to a stem ending in -a results in a long vowel, suggesting that sequences of two identical vowels are realized as one long vowel: tala (vi) 'speak, talk'- tala (vt) 'tell, explain'; anga (vi) 'work, function'- anga (vt) 'work on, clean up' (cf. vahi [vi] 'break, be broken'- vahia [ vt] 'break').
I- e This alternation seems in most cases to be phonetically conditioned, usually triggered by the presence of an [a] or an [o] in an adjacent syllable. However, this cannot account systematically for the attested cases of alternation, and we have not been able to formulate a clear rule for this alternation. The i-forms are the original ones diachronically, but in some words thee alternant is synchronically considered basic. I 8 vaole [vaole, vaoli] 'care for, look after, rule' NUP iu. ktiinga is today obsolete in VAT and only used occasionally by old speakers on Taumako.