A Grammatical Description of the Early Classic Maya by Daniel A. Law

By Daniel A. Law

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Past tense marking is reserved for embedded events that have taken place prior to the main narrated event. See Houston (1997), Stuart et. al. (1999), and Robertson et al. (2004) for more detailed discussion. With respect to the tense/aspect of Classic Ch’olti’, it is important to note that in Colonial Ch’olti’, and its descendent Modern Ch’orti’, inflectional tense/aspect markers are only found in intransitive sentences. , provide any necessary clues for orienting events in time. From glyphic texts, it is clear that Classical Ch’olti’ has this same imbalance.

2006), as well as several others that probably date between about 100 BC and AD 100. However, in practice, very little can be said of the linguistics of these early texts, which are almost entirely unreadable. 0 k’atun ending, so that the number of texts included in this 27 section is greater than the previous. The last section includes some of that Early Classic productivity, but also includes a period of sharp decline in the production of monumental inscriptions, known as the ‘Hiatus’. 1 INTRODUCTION When dealing with the earliest Maya texts as sources of linguistic data, the researcher encounters two major obstacles: the overwhelming scarcity of texts and the often-stubborn opacity of those texts that survive.

Because cognates with the root tz’ak are frequently positional roots in Mayan languages, this is unsurprising. The u- ergative prefix is also consistent with this interpretation, though with a nominalizing suffix, the u- ergative pronoun would be fulfilling its possessive function, and not referencing the agent of a transitive verb. 1 NOMINALIZATION WITH -VL As mentioned just mentioned, the productive and problematic -Vl is attested on the Hauberg Stela in the difficult phrase [u-TZ’AK-bu-IL]. This phrase, with the ergative prefix u- could be a noun, or a transitive verb.

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