A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 1: by Peter Adamson

By Peter Adamson

Classical Philosophy is the 1st of a chain of books during which Peter Adamson goals finally to provide a whole background of philosophy, extra completely but additionally extra enjoyably than ever earlier than. in brief, energetic chapters, in keeping with the preferred History of Philosophy podcast, he bargains an obtainable, funny, and particular examine the emergence of philosophy with the Presocratics, the probing questions of Socrates, and the 1st complete flowering of philosophy with the dialogues of Plato and the treatises of Aristotle. the tale is informed "without any gaps," discussing not just such significant figures but additionally much less quite often mentioned themes just like the Hippocratic Corpus, the Platonic Academy, and the function of ladies in historical philosophy. in the considered Plato and Aristotle, the reader will locate in-depth introductions to significant works, equivalent to the Republic and the Nicomachean Ethics, that are handled intimately that's strange in an creation to old philosophy. Adamson appears to be like at interesting yet much less often learn Platonic dialogues just like the Charmides and Cratylus, and Aristotle's rules in zoology and poetics. This complete insurance permits him to take on historical discussions in all components of philosophy, together with epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of language, philosophy of technological know-how, ethics and politics. realization can also be given to the ancient and literary context of classical philosophy, with exploration of ways early Greek cosmology answered to the poets Homer and Hesiod, how Socrates used to be provided through the comedian playwright Aristophanes and the historian Xenophon, and the way occasions in Greek historical past can have motivated Plato's proposal. it is a new type of heritage with a view to convey philosophy to existence for all readers, together with these coming to the topic for the 1st time.

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If we know anything about him for certain it’s that he was interested in astronomy. The story about the olive-presses also shows that Thales had expertise in what we would call the physical sciences, or at least had a reputation for having that expertise. This is confirmed by other evidence. There’s a story about him diverting a river into two branches so that it would be possible to cross it—because each of the two branches would be shallower than the single river (§66). And although Thales may in fact have written nothing at all, some sources tell us that he did write a book about navigation at sea.

Method Man—Plato’s Socrates 15. In Dialogue—The Life and Writings of Plato 16. Know Thyself—Two Unloved Platonic Dialogues 17. Virtue Meets its Match—Plato’s Gorgias 18. We Don’t Need No Education—Plato’s Meno 19. I Know, Because the Caged Bird Sings—Plato’s Theaetetus 20. Famous Last Words—Plato’s Phaedo 21. Soul and the City—Justice in Plato’s Republic 22. Ain’t No Sunshine—The Cave Allegory of Plato’s Republic 23. Second Thoughts—Plato’s Parmenides and the Forms 24. Untying the Not—Plato’s Sophist 25.

As you would expect, given that he was Aristotle’s student, Theophrastus seems to have followed Aristotle in this respect. A second problem is that Theophrastus’ own works, like the writings of the Pre-Socratics themselves, are mostly lost. Apart from Aristotle, the most useful surviving reports on the Pre-Socratics come from late antiquity. Like Aristotle and Theophrastus, the late ancient reporters were rarely interested in neutral presentation of Pre-Socratic theories. Certain very informative works known as “doxographies” itemize the characteristic doctrines of these long-dead thinkers, drawing in part on Theophrastus.

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