By Harrell R. Rodgers
This new version of yankee Poverty in a brand new period of Reform presents a complete exam of the level, factors, results, and prices of yankee poverty approximately ten years after the passage of the private accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. the writer contains the most up-tp-date on hand demographic, finances, assessment, and software information to judge the influence of this sweeping laws on federal and kingdom rules, in addition to on poverty populations. This revised variation takes under consideration the industrial slowdown that came about in 2001 via 2003. It examines the kingdom judgements approximately tips on how to enforce PRWORA, and the way alterations have affected the poverty inhabitants and total welfare method. the writer identifies the confident implications of welfare reform besides difficulties that has to be addressed. New beneficial properties for this version comprise an appendix of web resources a state-by-state tables of poverty premiums.
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Extra info for American Poverty In A New Era Of Reform
Many white non-Hispanic children are also in families with low, stagnated earning power and families that have found welfare benefits in decline. Family structure is also a very important predictor of poverty among black children. The poverty rate for black female-headed families with children exceeded 50 percent in every year between 1970 and 1999. 5 percent in 2002 (Bureau of the Census, 2003a, 82). By comparison, the poverty rate for black married-couple families with children is much lower and 38 CHAPTER 3 has generally declined over the last twenty years.
In the early to mid 1960s about a third of the elderly population lived in poverty. The poverty rate among the elderly has been noticeably reduced over time by increases in Social Security payments. 2 percent. 3 Poverty Rates by Age, 1959–2003 Recession 40 35 65 years and over 30 25 Percent Under 18 years 20 15 10 18 to 64 years 5 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 1979 1978 1977 1976 1975 1974 1973 1972 1971 1970 1969 1968 1967 1966 1965 1964 1963 1962 1961 1960 1959 0 Year Source: Bureau of the Census (2004a), table B-2.
Combined, the black and Hispanic populations make up about 26 percent of the population, but about half of all poor Americans. 4 provides insight into how the combined role of family structure and employment impact poverty. 8 percent, respectively). 1 percent) for families headed by a single woman. 0 percent when one or more family members are employed. 2 10 0 Employed full time Employed part time Unemployed Source: Bureau of the Census (2003a), p. 8. 5 shows the employment record of poor working-age adults (eighteen to sixty-five) in 2002.