By Evguenia Davidova
Drawing upon formerly unpublished advertisement ledgers and correspondence, this examine deals a collective social biography of 3 generations of Balkan retailers. own bills humanize multiethnic networks that navigated a number of social platforms helping and opposing numerous facets of nationalist ideologies.
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Additional resources for Balkan Transitions to Modernity and Nation-States: Through the Eyes of Three Generations of Merchants (1780s-1890s) (Balkan Studies Library, Book 6)
Such high profit mar gin may also explain the reorientation of many merchants from trade with central Europe to production and long-distance commerce within the Ottoman realm. Similar was the case of Dimitraki h. Toshev of Vratsa. From the mideighteenth century, his father traded in livestock and animal products such as wool, hides, fur, wax as well as silk, and exported them to Walla chia and central Europe. Dimitraki owned immovable property, organized silk manufacture and established contacts with the Russians during the 90 Ariel Salzmann, “An Ancien Régime Revisited: ‘Privatization’ and Political Economy in the Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Empire,” Politics & Society 21, no.
In Sŭzdavane i razvitie na moderni institutsii v bŭlgarskoto vŭzrozhdensko obshtestvo, ed. Plamen Mitev (Sofia: Universitetsko izdatelsvo “Sv. Kliment Okhridski,” 1996), 77–78. 67 Petŭr Tsonchev, Iz stopanskoto minalo na Gabrovo (Gabrovo: “Otvoreno Obshtestvo,” 1996), 598–599. 22 chapter one him to all acquaintances in the towns on their way. 68 Such face-to-face contacts ensured trust and attempt to compensate information flow insecurities. 69 Evidence of active long-distance trade is suggested by the register of the Plovdiv abacı esnaf (guild).
99 The case of the Tŭpchileshtov family is instructive. Information about its founder Petko Stoianov (c. 1780–1822, Izmit) is scarce. It is known that he married Doda Georgova around 1800, suggesting that he was born in the 1780s or earlier. He owned a dükkân and a tavern in Kalofer. Apart from that sedentary occupation, he was engaged in the production and trade of aba and şayak (finer quality cloth). 100 It appears that he participated in both. He collected ready materials not only in Kalofer but also in the neighboring villages and transported them by carts via Istanbul and traded in Izmit.