By Thomas Neville Bonner
Written by way of eminent schooling pupil Thomas Neville Bonner, changing into a doctor is a groundbreaking, complete historical past of Western scientific schooling. the single paintings of its variety, it covers the us, nice Britain, France, and Germany. Comparative in concentration, the narrative unfolds in the context of social, political, and highbrow modifications that happened in Europe and North the United States among the Enlightenment and Nazi Germany. Viewing the overdue eighteenth century as a watershed within the improvement of clinical schooling, Bonner starts via describing how past practices developed within the 1800s with the advent of medical practices. He then lines the expansion of laboratory instructing within the 19th century and the twentieth-century preoccupation with constructing a college typical of scientific schooling. all through, Bonner will pay specific consciousness to the scholars, chronicling their day-by-day lives and discussing adjustments within the scientific university inhabitants and many of the biases-- type, gender, racial, and religious--students and potential scholars confronted.
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Additional resources for Becoming a Physician: Medical Education in Great Britain, France, Germany, and the United States, 1750-1945
University of Wurzburg, 1973), 22. 26. Alfons Fischer, Geschichte des deutschen Gesundbeitswesen, 2 vols. (Berlin: Hildesheim, 1965), 2:64. 27. Jabrbundert: Vomgelehrten Stand zum professionellen Experten: Das Beispiel Preussens (Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1985), 36. 28. Hansjorg Reupke, "Zur Geschichte der Ausiiburg der Heilkunde durch nichtapprobierte Personen in Hamburg, von den Anfa'ngen bis zum Erlass des 'Heilpraktikergesetzes' im Jahrc 1939" (mod. , University of Aachen, 1987), 69.
58 The neighboring kingdom of Bavaria likewise moved to establish a series of schools for "country doctors" in Munich, Bamberg, and Inns53. Hans-Heinz Eulner, "Historische Aspekte zu aktuellen Fragen des Medizinstudiums," Medizinhistorisches Journal 3 (1968): 186-87. 54. RolfWinau, Medizin in Berlin (Berlin: Gruyter, 1987), 68-71. 55. For an example of the immensely detailed rules for different types of health personnel in Prussia, see "Neues Priifungsreglement fiir samtliche Medizinal-personnen des preussischen Staates," GSPK, Merseburg, 76, VIII, A535, Bd.
16. 50 In the absolutist German state, the enlightened ruler was considered responsible for his people and their health and safety. A healthy population meant a strong and growing population and was best promoted by strict controls over the conditions that promoted disease and by effective regulation of the training and licensing of practitioners. In France, by contrast, the establishment of a state system of medical education came only haltingly in the years of revolutionary ferment and was held back by the enduring image of rank and privilege associated with the physicians and surgeons of the Old Regime.