By Ilkka Pyysiainen
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Extra resources for Beyond language and reason: Mysticism in Indian Buddhism (Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae)
I! est Ie milieu nature1 et Ie champ de toutes mes pensees et de toutes mes perceptions explicites. La verite n "'habite" pas seulement l"'homme interieur", au plutot i! n'y a pas d'homme interieur, l'homme est au monde, c'est dans Ie monde qu'i! " 149 Heidegger 1987, 367 (1941, 321). 150 See Trigg 1988, 280-281. 151 Mead 1967, 135, 140, 154-158, 163. 152 See Trigg 1988, 287. Sartre 1943, 292: "So the 'moment' Hegel called being for others is a necessary phase in the development of the consciousness of self.
IOO Here' Absolute' must be taken to refer to that something which the believer regards as the absolute reality, and the precise nature of this unity is, by the same token, left unexplained. , says that a mystic experiences something that he or she describes or explains as unity with the Absolute. James H. 02. "104 According to Deikman, the "hallmark" of mystical experience was "(e)xperiencing one's self as one with the universe or with God ... regardless of ... cultural context"105. This unity could be interpreted either as perception of one's own psychic structure or of the real structure of the world 106 , and God and the unconscious shared "equal possibilities" as explanations of the mystical experience.
0 This understanding of one's being-in-the-world takes place "proximally and for the most part", through the medium of language as emphasized by Heidegger and Gadamer l36 . To Heidegger, however, the logical starting point is silence 137 • From silence man then emerges as man, the only being that speaks138 and thus is able to discover the world as well as himself in a peculiar'ly human wayl39. Language becomes "the house of being"140. Discourse (Rede), as the foundation of language, is equiprimordial with the two other basic characteristics of being, "state-of-mind" and "understanding"141, and is constitutive of man's existence as man (Dasein) because in it the human reality is disclosed 142.