Beyond Oneness and Difference: Li and Coherence in Chinese by Brook Ziporyn

By Brook Ziporyn

Continues the author’s inquiry into the advance of the chinese language philosophical suggestion Li, concluding in tune and Ming dynasty Neo-Confucianism.

Beyond Oneness and Difference considers the advance of 1 of the major innovations of chinese language highbrow background, Li. A seize of the unusual background of this time period and its doubtless conflicting implications—as oneness and differentiation, because the knowable and as what transcends wisdom, because the reliable and because the transcendence of fine and undesirable, as order and as omnipresence—raises questions on the main easy construction blocks of our pondering. This exploration all started within the book’s spouse volume, Ironies of Oneness and Difference, which distinctive how formative Confucian and Daoist thinkers approached and demarcated thoughts of coherence, order, and cost, making a choice on either ironic and non-ironic developments within the elaboration of those middle principles. within the current quantity, Brook Ziporyn is going directly to learn the results of Li as they improve in Neo-Daoist metaphysics and in chinese language Buddhism, finally changing into foundational to track and Ming dynasty Neo-Confucianism, the orthodox ideology of past due imperial China. Ziporyn’s interrogation is going past research to bare the unsuspected diversity of human pondering on those so much basic different types of ontology, metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics.

Brook Ziporyn is Professor of chinese language Philosophy, faith, and Comparative idea on the college of Chicago Divinity tuition. he's the writer of a number of books, together with The Penumbra Unbound: The Neo-Taoist Philosophy of Guo Xiang and Ironies of Oneness and distinction: Coherence in Early chinese language suggestion; Prolegomena to the learn of Li, either additionally released through SUNY Press.

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Extra info for Beyond Oneness and Difference: Li and Coherence in Chinese Buddhist Thought and Its Antecedents (SUNY series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture)

Example text

There are no universals, just stuff‑kinds. The mind is a faculty of actively distinguishing among these real kinds. The epistemology functions on the basis of only names and stuffs; no other entities, such as properties, attributes, essences, universals, or particulars, are necessary. How‑ ever, in spite of his affirmation of stuffs as real kinds, Hansen continues to speak of this view as a kind of nominalism. He notes that the notion of “a class” is employed by nominalists as a way of avoiding these abstract entities beloved of Realist epistemology.

Graham, Willard Peterson, and Roger Hall and David Ames, all of whom have contributed crucial insights to the present approach to be taken in the pages to that follow. Needham and Organic Pattern As noted, Fung Yulan had suggested that Li be translated as “Platonic Form,” and Form in the Aristotelian sense has also been proposed as a translation, along with Reason, and Law of Nature. Joseph Needham, in his classic work LI 理 AS A FUNDAMENTAL CATEGORY IN CHINESE THOUGHT 31 Science and Civilization in China, rejects these suggestions, again with mainly the Neo‑Confucian usage in mind, in developing his own overall account of the distinctive nature of traditional Chinese thinking.

Dog) come with predetermined units for counting. I can have “one dog, two dogs, three dogs” and so on, but “one cup, one quart, two pools” of water. This suggestion has caused some consternation in that it fits better the grammar of modern Chinese (where indeed nouns are generally preceded by a special measure word to indicate the amount of that noun which is being indicated) than classi‑ cal Chinese, where countable entities can be indicated without recourse to measure words. The lack of special forms indicating singular and plural in both ancient and modern Chinese, however, remains significant in this context.

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