By Jonathan J. Bean
Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln either thought of small enterprise the spine of yankee democracy and unfastened company. In past the dealer country, Jonathan Bean considers the effect of this ideology on American politics from the good melancholy to the construction of the Small enterprise management throughout the Eisenhower management. Bean's research of public coverage towards small enterprise in this interval demanding situations the long-accepted definition of politics because the interaction of equipped curiosity teams, mediated by way of a "broker-state" executive. particularly, he highlights the unorganized nature of the small enterprise group and the ideological allure that small enterprise held for key individuals of Congress. Bean specializes in anti-chain-store laws starting within the Nineteen Thirties and at the institution of federal small enterprise organizations within the Forties and Nineteen Fifties. in line with Bean, Congress, encouraged by means of the rhetoric of difficulty, usually misinterpreted or misrepresented the hazard posed to small company from huge firms, and for this reason, protecting laws occasionally labored opposed to the pursuits it was once intended to serve. regardless of this faulty relief, argues Bean, small enterprise has proved to be a remarkably resilient, if nonetheless unorganized, strength.
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Extra info for Beyond the Broker State: Federal Policies Toward Small Business, 1936-1961 (Business, Society, and the State)
Chapter 4 explores this question by presenting a collective biography of those congressmen who served on the House and Senate Small Business Committees between 1940 and 1961. This analysis shows that the small business ideology united a diverse group of politicians; but leading small business advocates also had differing conceptions of the ideology, which led them into disagreements over the means used to assist small business. The remaining chapters examine the small business advocates' efforts to secure positive aid for small firms.
Others sought to promote competition and check the power of big business by offering government aid to "small" firms with many employees. 45 Most scholars who study small business define it by delineating those characteristics that distinguish small firms from larger ones. Mansel Blackford, for example, characterizes a "small" business as one that is locally owned and Page 12 operated by a single proprietor or a few partners. These small businesses typically serve a local market rather than the national and international markets.
17 These court rulings, coupled with the FTC'S decision to prosecute small firms that violated the Clayton Act, eroded congressional small business advocates' faith in the efficacy of this legislation. In the future, they would again seek new antitrust laws, but they would have to wait until another threat to small business generated public concern with the fate of independent enterprise. In sum, between 1890 and 1914, Congress passed several important laws designed, in part, to preserve a place for small business in the American economy.