By Eric Feldman, Ronald Bayer
Within the mid-1980s public health and wellbeing officers in North the US, Europe, Japan, and Australia found that nearly 1/2 the hemophiliac inhabitants, in addition to tens of hundreds of thousands of blood transfusion recipients, have been contaminated with HIV-tainted blood. This e-book offers a comparative standpoint at the political, criminal, and social struggles that emerged in keeping with the HIV infection of the blood offer of the industrialized global. It describes how 8 countries answered to the 1st symptoms that AIDS could be transmitted via blood, how early efforts to safe the blood provide faltered, and what measures have been finally applied to solve the infection. The authors element the extraordinary mobilization of hemophiliacs who challenged the kingdom, the clinical institution, and their very own caregivers to hunt recompense and justice. in spite of everything, the blood institutions in just about all the complex business countries have been shaken. In Canada, the pink go used to be compelled to withdraw from blood assortment and distribution. In Japan, pharmaceutical organisations that synthetic clotting issue agreed to giant reimbursement -- $500,000 in line with hemophiliac contaminated. In France, blood officers went to legal. Even in Denmark, the place the variety of contaminated hemophiliacs used to be fairly small, the fight and litigation surrounding blood has ended in the main protracted criminal and administrative clash in smooth Danish historical past. Blood Feuds brings jointly chapters at the reports of the U.S., Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with 4 comparative essays that make clear the cultural, institutional, and monetary dimensions of the HIV/blood disaster.
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Additional info for Blood Feuds: Aids, Blood, and the Politics of Medical Disaster
For blood bankers, the proposal to undertake anti-HBc screening represented a potentially costly measure that would yield little public health benefit. Even for those who were willing to acknowledge that AIDS could be acquired through blood, the proposed surrogate test lacked scientific merit. The test was not specific enough to 28 NATIONAL ENCOUNTERS WITH BLOOD AND AIDS identify those at risk without including among those who would be identified individuals who could serve as healthy donors. The result of undertaking the proposed screening might well be shortages in the blood supply.
Here too failure was rooted in the 1970s. "It is difficult to comprehend how the NHF could have failed to sound an alarm" about hepatitis B. And when in the early 1980s AIDS began to appear, the pattern of negligence persisted, this time with even more devastating consequences. "From the get-go the NHF and its Medical and Scientific Advisory Council advised hemophiliacs not to be alarmed and not to change their treatment methods... That remained the advice we were given in 1983, 1984 into 1985.
46 Efforts to develop a process through which the lingering viral threat could be eliminated proceeded sluggishly. Many believed that because a hepatitis B vaccine was on the horizon and most hemophiliacs had already been exposed, little benefit would be obtained even were it possible to inactivate Blood and AIDS in America: The Making of a Catastrophe 31 hepatitis B virus. Furthermore, there was deep concern that a pasteurization process would render factor VIII concentrate a less effective treatment, one that would make the care of hemophiliacs more difficult.