Bouddha by Sophie Royer

By Sophie Royer

Il y a 2500 ans, en Inde, après des années de quête spirituelle, Siddharta Gautama accède enfin à l'ultime vérité. Devenu le Bouddha - littéralement l'Eveillé -, il va dès lors enseigner à ses contemporains los angeles voie qui permet d'échapper à l. a. souffrance. Après sa mort, los angeles doctrine du sage proceed à se propager à travers l'Inde, avant de gagner toute l'Asie. Au XIXe siècle, les Occidentaux découvrent le bouddhisme. A leur journey, ils ne tardent pas à être touchés par l'humanisme de son message. Première faith de l'histoire de l'humanité à vocation universelle, le bouddhisme n'a rien perdu de son éclat. Mais que sait-on vraiment de l'identité de son fondateur ? En étudiant le contexte politique et spirituel de l'Inde ancienne, en croisant les récits légendaires rapportés par les disciples du maître avec le fruit des recherches scientifiques, cette biographie appréhende l. a. determine du Bouddha historique, sa vie et sa pensée.

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66. indd 27 2013-11-20 11:56 AM 28 Buddhism: A Philosophical Approach uproot them. But Gautama found this course was also unsuccessful. So he left his ascetic disciples, and ate some solid food. According to legend, he was offered a meal of sweet milk and rice, and then he bathed himself. He regained some strength and felt refreshed. He then sat down under a tree – a pipal tree (botanical name ficus religiosa – sacred fig), and this tree has come to be known as the ‘Bodhi Tree’ or ‘Tree of Enlightenment’.

The Buddha, in leaving his father’s palace, chose to find his own path. In leaving his initial teachers in yogic practice, he chose to find his own path. In leaving his ascetic practice, and the ascetic disciples he had attracted, he chose to find his own path. In leaving the Brahmanic practices that were common during his day, he was leaving behind the traditions of the Vedas and Upanishads to find his own path. indd 37 2013-11-20 11:56 AM 38 Buddhism: A Philosophical Approach one’s own path, and this raises questions about how to think about the role of the Buddha’s teachings and the path they prescribe.

Night and day a white parasol was held over me so that I should not be touched by cold or heat, by dust or weeds or dew. I had three palaces, one for the cold season, one for the hot, and one for the season of rains. Through the four rainy months, in the palace for the rainy season, entertained by female minstrels I did not come down from the palace …1 The legend continues that one day, at the age of twenty-nine, he wanted to leave the palace in order to see what was outside On some accounts, this was done with the acquiescence of his father, but only after his father had set a path (which was cleaned of decay), from which Gautama then veered.

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