By Aertsen A., Braitenberg V. (eds.)
The current choice of papers makes a speciality of the topic of imaginative and prescient. The papers collect new insights and proof from numerous branches of experimental and theoretical neuroscience. The experimental evidence offered within the quantity stem from disparate fields, akin to neuroanatomy, electrophysiology, optical imaging and psychophysics. The theoretical versions partially are unsophisticated, but nonetheless inspiring, whereas others skilfully observe complicated mathematical reasoning to result of experimental measurements. The booklet is the 5th in a chain of volumes meaning to outline a conception of the mind through bringing jointly formal reasoning and experimental proof. The reader is therefore being brought to a brand new type of mind technological know-how, the place proof and conception are starting to mix jointly.
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This being said, let us return to the specific interaction between visual and verbal codes. The interfering effect of verbal processes on visual memories has been indirectly demonstrated in recent research by Brandimonte et al. (1992a, 36 STRETCHING THE IMAGINATION 1992b), who found that the ability to manipulate visual mental images generated from LTM is markedly affected by the kind of STM code used at the time of input. When viewing novel visual stimuli, subjects have a strong tendency toward verbal receding; this influences encoding in LTM in such a way as to impair mental image operations.
This hypothesis seems to suggest that two distinct forms of representation are generated initially, and for reasons yet to be clarified, the perceptually based organizational rules are the most sensitive to an interfering event. Further, if this weakening is simply due to a general disturbance of elaboration, language should not be critical and other interfering events should have similar effects. The chapter by Brandimonte offers detailed tentative explanations for the effects of verbal overshadowing and also extends its effects to a large range of cognitive situations.
E. ), Imagery, discovery and creativity: A cognitive approach, Amsterdam: Elsevier. Kerr, N. H. (1983). The role of vision in visual imagery experiments: Evidence from the congenitally blind. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 112, 265-277. Koffka, K. (1935). Principles of gestalt psychology. New York: Harcourt-Brace. Kosslyn, S. M. (1980). Image and mind. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Leeper, R. W. (1935). A study of neglected portion in the field of learning: The development of sensory organization.