Brownian Agents and Active Particles: Collective Dynamics in by Frank Schweitzer

By Frank Schweitzer

"This booklet lays out a imaginative and prescient for a coherent framework for figuring out complicated systems'' (from the foreword by way of J. Doyne Farmer). via constructing the real suggestion of Brownian brokers, the writer combines suggestions from informatics, corresponding to multiagent platforms, with ways of statistical many-particle physics. this fashion, a good approach for laptop simulations of advanced platforms is built that is additionally available to analytical investigations and quantitative predictions. The booklet demonstrates that Brownian agent types will be effectively utilized in lots of assorted contexts, starting from physicochemical development formation, to lively movement and swarming in organic structures, to self-assembling of networks, evolutionary optimization, city progress, monetary agglomeration or even social systems.

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Additional resources for Brownian Agents and Active Particles: Collective Dynamics in the Natural and Social Sciences

Sample text

In the example of a financial depot, internal dissipation may result from processes such as inflation which may reduce the value of the depot in the course of time. 1), it is possible to consider also explicit stochastic influences on the internal energy depot. 7) for the depot is implicitly coupled to the equations of motion, where stochastic forces are taken into account. , of the internal degrees of freedom θi . This will be left to the specific examples discussed in this book. 5) – other suitable ways for getting (k) analytical expressions for the key term fi from interaction dynamics.

Complex Systems and Agent Models including the examples in this book, shall be mentioned in the following. One rather general scheme to design agent-based models is called Environment Rules Agents (ERA) [175] and aims to separate the environment, with its rules, from the agents, which communicate through the environment. , the rules used to modify rules). The specific realization of this scheme must then be based on an object-oriented platform, such as Swarm or the FTA architecture described in the following.

Therefore, the FTA design paradigm (see Fig. 5) may serve as an appropriate computer platform for simulating agents interacting via an adaptive landscape. Using the analogy between interaction and communication, we will in this book mostly identify the adaptive landscape with a spatiotemporal communication field that is created by information resulting from the local actions of each agent. Because agents with different internal states θ may create different kinds of information, this field is assumed to be a scalar multicomponent spatiotemporal field hθ (r, t).

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