Caesar: Gallic War II (Bk.2) by Eberhard Christoper Kennedy

By Eberhard Christoper Kennedy

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Sample text

The numbers given by the Remi in this chapter amount to 296,000 men, which, like the 60,000 out of 100,000 of the Bellovaci in § 5, are surely greatly exaggerated. Caesar's eight legions, with auxiliaries and cavalry, would not amount to more than 40,000 men. Notice that appellantur is indicative because it is a note made for the reader by Caesar, not part of what the Remi said, which would be qui appellarcl~tur, as being a relative clause in indirect statement. NOTES nostra, fJestro, sua, is used).

C. quam ••. dixeramus: "who we have (lit. 'had') said form a third part ... ", the pluperfect also appears in 24, I. quam refers to omnes Be/gas and should normally be quos, but it is "attracted" into the number and gender of partem, the complement of esse. The reference is to I, I, 1-6, where Caesar tells us that the Belgae lived in the area bounded by the Marne and the Seine, the lower Rhine, and the north-east coast of Gaul. To say that a free and indepertdent people like the Belgae "were conspiring against the Roman people" when they were merely preparing to defend themselves against aggression is a strange use of words.

Eum diem, the accusative of extent of time, could be used instead of the ablative of point of time. z. of the Beigae, is as follows". arque -often follows idem to mean "the same as It; the relative pronoun can also be used. Notice that the Belgae are here distinguished from the other in\tabitants of Gaul, though they are often included in the general name of Gauls. tods moenibus: dative, indirect object of circumiecta, though the verb is here passive; "after a large number ... has been placed round the whole of the fortifications".

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