By F. W. Walbank
This quantity of the second one variation of The Cambridge historical historical past strains the heritage of Rome from its origins to the eve of the second one Punic warfare. It starts with a survey of assets for early Roman heritage. An exam of the 1st discernible strains of the Bronze Age payment is by means of an overview of the regal interval. The advanced and sometimes arguable background of the early republic is analyzed just about its inner improvement, the evolution of its relationships with the Latins, and its ruthless attacks upon quite a few components of Italy. Later sections speak about the intervention of Pyrrhus and its aftermath which ends up in attention of Rome's relationships with Carthage, the 1st Punic warfare, and the beginnings of abroad empire.
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Additional resources for Cambridge Ancient History. The Rise of Rome to 220 BC
244) - where the presence of primitive defence structures15 from the eighth and seventh centuries has been revealed. 48; 143). They normally rest against, or are replaced by, a real wall consisting of 14 Dohrn 1964(8320], 491—2. F. Giuliani in Enea ne/La^to i98i[E2;], 162—6 (Lavinium); Guaitoli 1981(6539], 117—50 (Castel di Decima); T. Fischer-Hansen in Ficana. Catalogo delta Mostra 198116325], 59-65 (Ficana). C. (this is the date traditionally given to the building of the walls of Servius Tullius) and equipped with gates and defensive devices consonant with the siege techniques generally employed in this period throughout the area of Greece and Magna Graecia.
94f (with a different view). 21 Torelli 1971(0499], 44ft. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 THE SURVIVING EVIDENCE 13 But what is tantalizing is the epigraphic evidence which is lost. Greek and Roman scholars often (although uncritically) cite inscriptions, but many of these must either be bogus or be renewals as the result either of the decay of the original or of the need to update them so that a modern generation could actually understand what was written. One clear case of such modernization is an inscription preserved in Festus (180L) and, therefore, certainly derived from Varro or Verrius Flaccus, commemo- Fig.
Pinarius and Furius (coss. 472; Varro ap. Macrob. Sat. 21); the Ardea treaty (see p. 8). In the fourth century this list of inscriptions and documents increases, but the questions surrounding -th&ir authenticity are not greatly altered. 22 Roman nomenclature became progressively more elaborate: the original single name (the later 'forename' (praenomen)) was gradually supplemented by a lineage or clan name (nomcn gentile: originally a patronymic (p. 98)). The date of the use of inherited additional names (cognomina), never obligatory or universal in the republican period, is uncertain: in Etruscan occasional additional names may appear as early as the sixth century (M.