By Hugh M. Hamill
During this significant revision of the Borzoi ebook Dictatorship in Spanish the United States, editor Hugh Hamill has awarded conflicting interpretations of caudillismo in twenty-seven essays written through a world team of historians, anthropologists, sociologists, political scientists, reporters, and caudillos themselves. the choices signify revisionists, apologists, enemies, or even a sufferer of caudillos. The personalities mentioned comprise the Mexican priest Miguel Hidalgo, the Argentinian gaucho Facundo Quiroga, the Guatemalan Rafael Carrera, the Colombian Rafael N??ez, Mexico’s Porfirio D?az, the Somoza family members of Nicaragua, the Dominican "Benefactor" Rafael Trujillo, the Argentinians Juan Per?n and his spouse Evita, Paraguay’s Alfredo Stroessner - referred to as "The Tyrannosaur," Chile’s Augusto Pinochet, and Cuba’s Fidel Castro.
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Extra resources for Caudillos: dictators in Spanish America
Rausch 131 10. The Creation and Control of a Caudillo Roger M. Haigh 145 11. America in Danger Francisco Bilbao 155 12. Scientific Peace: The Ideology of a Reluctant Dictator Rafael Núñez 160 Page vi 13. Caciquismo in Our America Carlos Octavio Bunge 168 14. The Dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz Luis González 173 15. Foreign Factors John J. Johnson 195 Part Three. Twentieth-Century Dynamics 16. Dictators and the Military Lyle N. McAlister 205 17. Continuismo: The Search for Political Longevity Russell H.
2 A nearly endless variety of adjectives will also be found in and out of this volume that range from gaucho to military and from frockcoated to totalitarian. The supporters and detractors of particular caudillos have found nicknames for them that are quite as varied as the leaders themselves. Thus Bolívar was "The Liberator," Dr. " The disrespectful sobriquets in this list suggest the familiar North American pejorative flavor so often given to caudillismo. " 3 As we search for meaning, the question of legitimacy will arise.
From Reconquest to Conquest we find El Cid in armor on his white horse under the walls of Valencia in the eleventh century; Isabella the Catholic, likewise in armor, as she rode triumphant before the Alhambra in 1492; Fernando Cortés as he and his mistress Malinche played off indigenous factions against each other in the conquest of Mexico in 1519 to 1521; Francisco Pizarro disrupting the Andean power structure by seizing Atahualpa the Inca in 1532; Lautaro, leader of the Araucanians, as he forced the Chilean conquistador Pedro de Valdivia to drink molten gold in 1553apocryphal but just; and Lope de Aguirre decreeing his own rebellion against the king as he floated down the Amazon in 1560.