Causal Learning by David R. Shanks, Douglas L. Medin and Keith J. Holyoak

By David R. Shanks, Douglas L. Medin and Keith J. Holyoak (Eds.)

The Psychology of studying and Motivation publishes empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, starting from classical and instrumental stipulations to complicated studying and challenge fixing. This guest-edited distinct quantity is dedicated to present learn and dialogue on associative as opposed to cognitive debts of studying. Written via significant investigators within the box, subject matters contain all features of causal studying in an open discussion board within which varied ways are introduced jointly. Key beneficial properties* up to date overview of the literature * Discusses fresh controversies * offers significant advances in knowing causal studying * Synthesizes contrasting techniques * comprises very important empirical contributions * Written by way of best researchers within the box

Show description

Read or Download Causal Learning PDF

Similar neuropsychology books

Overcoming the Trauma of Your Motor Vehicle Accident: A Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment Program Workbook

It truly is envisioned that over three million humans consistent with yr are injured in motorcar injuries and as much as forty five% of individuals in a significant automobile twist of fate improve posttraumatic pressure sickness. Written by means of the creators of an empirically supported cognitive-behavioral treatment software, this workbook contains the entire details helpful for a shopper to profit the ideal talents to beat their MVA-related PTSD.

Aphasia and Brain Organization

This ebook provides the paintings on aphasia popping out of the Institute for Aphasia and Stroke in Norway in the course of its 10 years of life. instead of reviewing formerly offered paintings, it was once my wish to supply a unified research and dialogue of our accrued facts. The empirical foundation for the research is a pretty big team (249 sufferers) investigated with a customary, accomplished set of methods.

Clinical Applications of Microcomputers in Communication Disorders

Medical functions of Microcomputers in communique problems is a entire reference for the usage of microcomputers within the box of verbal exchange issues. The human-machine interface is mentioned, in addition to notice processing and information processing. using the microcomputer within the analysis and remedy of speech-language pathology can also be reviewed.

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System

Intercourse changes within the vital frightened procedure deals a accomplished exam of the present country of intercourse variations learn, from either the fundamental technology and medical examine views. Given the present NIH directive that funded preclinical learn needs to think of either ladies and men, this subject is of curiosity to an expanding percent of the neuroscience study inhabitants.

Extra info for Causal Learning

Sample text

Such departures from the normative presumably illustrate the properties of the mechanism that the scientist proposes but they also are not the “ideal” of other classes of models. This argument obviously does not apply to the work of Cheng and her colleagues and Waldmann in this volume (Ch. 8 and Ch. 2, respectively) because they study the properties of mental models by artificially varying them and then studying their effects on behavior. Leaving aside this persistent but not insurmountable problem for normative research we are still left with the problem of the level of analysis of normative theories.

Considering only the simpler notion of sensitivity to covariation it is possible that minds may do the actual computation. That is, Ap may be an algorithm of the mind. Alternatively, these tests may represent a description of a state of affairs in the world that the normative group may expect human behavior to meet. In a personal communication Holyoak has suggested to us that the latter, computational, level is closer to their intentions. This leaves the question open as to what the cognitive algorithm might be.

An example of a deterministic type of task would be a conditioned inhibition task in which a single cause is always followed by the effect and a compound of that cause and the inhibitory cause is never followed by the effect. In order to represent the contingencies in these tasks the subjects need not calculate Ap; rather, they must remember the trial types. Subjects can simply remember the trial types and this gives them data to reason with that is already in a near propositional form. Indeed, Williams (this volume, Ch.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.34 of 5 – based on 44 votes