Coastal Lowlands: Geology and Geotechnology by James M. Coleman, H. H. Roberts (auth.), W. J. M. van der

By James M. Coleman, H. H. Roberts (auth.), W. J. M. van der Linden, S. A. P. L. Cloetingh, J. P. K. Kaasschieter, W. J. E. van de Graaff, J. Vandenberghe, J. A. M. van der Gun (eds.)

Coastal Lowlands by way of advantage in their place around the boundary of land and sea belong to the earth's such a lot dynamic platforms. this can be real within the actual, i. e. geological and organic, up to within the cultural and social experience. even supposing the nearness to the ocean used to be and nonetheless is fraught with risk coastal lowlands have consistently attracted human curiosity, offering not easy chance, preserving the promise of ecocnomic firm. Coastal lowlands, specifically the place rivers input the quarter, are the cradles of serious civilisations and there, of previous, populations reached maximum densities. to illustrate, Dutch heritage is a story of human fight and endeavour with and opposed to the ocean. Dutch 'low landers' wrestled their land from the ocean, in flip the ocean cast a kingdom of self sustaining fishermen, navigators, farmers and investors who equipped their cities and ships on the borders of the North and Zuyder Seas. As lowlands subside and sea point rises, it appears nowadays at an expanding price, challenge approximately this setting world-wide can also be emerging. It definitely was once applicable and well timed for the Royal Geological and Mining Society of the Netherlands while celebrating its seventy fifth birthday to prepare and get in touch with jointly a symposium, focussing awareness at the geology and geotechnology of coastal lowlands; geology to higher comprehend their formation and evolution, geotechnology to higher deal with and harvest assets up to shield a distinct and the most important environment.

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This process involves a maximum extension of the main ebb channel, formation of a large delta shoal to the north, onshore migration of the shoal, and flood channel rotation north of the inlet. The cycle ends with the attachment of the shoal to Texel Island. The development and silting up of the main ebb channel are related to the tidal prism of the inlet (Fig. 11) and are influenced by onshore migration 46 B A 2. 1. Dominant Tidal 2. Current Direction Dominant Tidal Current Direction . --"a:~~-~m~,-~--~·~·~~: .

Between 1956 and 1960, the shoal 'Noorderhaaks' (Fig. 6c) west of the Razende Bol extended eastward and the two Fig. 7. Areal Photo showing the present shape of Noorderhaaks (from Ministry of Transport and Public Works). Refer to Fig. 1 for location and scale of Noorderhaaks. 40 6 6 TEXEL N 0 I 1 2 3 km I .... N l I Noordergat Schulpengat .. · 0 1 2 3 km Fig. 8. Migration of some channels in the ebb delta of Texel Inlet in time. a. (upper left). The channel axis of the Noordergat channel 1796-1908.

Rep. 82-3, Coastal Research Group, Dept. : 79 pp. Nummedal, D. 1983 Future sea level changes along the Louisiana coast- Shore and Beach 51: 10-15. , Kahn, J. & Roberts H. 1980 Geologic response to hurricane impact on low-profile Gulf Coast barriers- Trans. Gulf Coast Assoc. Geol. Soc. 30: 183--195. O'Neil, T. 1949 The muskrat in the Louisiana coastal marshesLouisiana Dept. : 152 pp. T. S. 1938 Plant communities of the southeastern marshes - Proc. Louisiana Acad. Sci. 3: 61-62. Penland, S. & Boyd, R.

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