Computational Nonlinear Morphology: With Emphasis on Semitic by George Anton Kiraz

By George Anton Kiraz

Through the overdue Seventies, phonologists, and later morphologists, had departed from a linear technique for describing morphophonological operations to a nonlinear one. Computational types, in spite of the fact that, stay trustworthy to the linear version, making it very tough, if now not very unlikely, to enforce the morphology of languages whose morphology is nonconcatanative. This research goals at offering a computational method that counters the improvement in linguistics. It presents a close computational research of the advanced morphophonological phenomena present in Semitic languages according to linguistically stimulated types.

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11. u¯ r ‘Abd¯ın, South East Turkey. 8 Swadaya Aramaic is spoken by the East Syrian Christians (modern Assyrians, Chaldæans) 8 In an attempt to preserve their tongue, a group of the Nashe Didan “our people” – as they refer to themselves – Israeli Aramaic speakers has produced a CD of New Age-style songs in Aramaic (Krist, 1998)! 3 Semitic Preliminaries 27 around lake Urmia, Mosul, and other districts in Turkey, Iraq, and Iran as well as the diaspora. Other dialects are spoken in three villages in Syria that, from time to time, make headlines in leading newspapers when a journalist “discovers” a living community speaking the language of Christ!

By default we always assume that state q0 is the initial state. g. q3 ). The program that represents the FSA consists of a set of instructions of the form (q0 , h, q1 ), which is interpreted as follows: if the machine is currently in state q0 and the next character to scan from the input tape is ‘h,’ then move to state q1 . Graphically, such an instruction is represented by a transition, an arrow labeled ‘h’ that goes from state q0 to state q1 . The FSA in Fig. 8(a) is repeated in Fig. , q3 ). A deterministic finite-state automaton does not have more than one transition leaving a state on the same label.

The result given by a FSA is limited: either the string is accepted, or it is rejected. Another form of FSAs is finite-state transducers (FSTs). An FST is a FSA, but instead of scanning one tape, it scans two tapes simultaneously. One string is usually designated as input and the other as output. Each transition is labeled with a pair: the first denotes the character on the first tape, and the second denotes the character on the second tape. Consider the FST in Fig. 9(a). It transduces (or maps) English laughter into French laughter.

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