By Cam Grey
This e-book is the 1st entire remedy of the 'small politics' of rural groups within the past due Roman international. It areas the varied fates of these groups inside a generalized version for exploring rural social structures. essentially, social interactions in rural contexts within the interval revolved round the wish of person families to insure themselves opposed to catastrophic subsistence failure and the necessity of the groups during which they lived to regulate the attendant social tensions, inequalities and conflicts. a spotlight upon the politics of popularity in these groups presents a remarkable distinction to the image painted by way of the laws and the writings of Rome's literate elite: whilst seen from the viewpoint of the peasantry, matters reminiscent of the Christianization of the geographical region, the emergence of recent kinds of patronage relatives, and the results of the hot approach of taxation upon rural social constructions tackle a distinct element.
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Additional info for Constructing Communities in the Late Roman Countryside
Cf. Latreille and Verdon (2007), 70. Also Harris (1982), 144; Schoﬁeld (2003), 81; Bernstein and Byres (2001), 23, with further references. P. Sakaon 1 (310, Egypt). Cooper (2007a), 132–4. Cf. Harris (1982), 145, citing Rapp, Ross, and Bridenthal (1979). See the discussion of Harper (forthcoming). Also Bagnall and Frier (1994), 57. 43 This slippage should be regarded as fundamental to any deﬁnitions of the phenomena rather than a somewhat frustrating analytical fault, for it reveals the essential complementarity of the concepts and the fuzziness and incompleteness of boundaries between the two, both in antiquity and in contemporary scholarship.
There were also trickledown effects for the agriculturalists who both farmed the large estates of the 46 47 Wickham (2005b). While Wickham’s book is not the only recent contribution to the ﬁeld, and it stands in a long line of grand, synthetic accounts, nevertheless it has exercised an extraordinary, if entirely justiﬁed, inﬂuence over the scholarship since its publication: see in particular the analytical and critical comments of Shaw (2008). Note, in particular, Wickham’s attempts to reformulate these debates within the context of a quite different set of analytical problems: Wickham (2005b), 523–9.
Ownership of land, tenancy, and wage labor, for example, should not be treated as distinct types of economic 4 5 6 Shanin (1982), 411 argues in favor of the heuristic value of the terminology. So, too, does Hanawalt (1986), 5, drawing upon Hilton’s classic deﬁnition of the peasantry (Hilton (1975), chapter 1). Note, however, the doubts of Akram-Lodhi (2007), 560–1. For a historical context on the question, with speciﬁc reference to the ancient Mediterranean, cf. Halstead (1987). The debate is succinctly summarized by Bernstein and Byres (2001), 4–8, with further references.