Copular Clauses and Focus Marking in Sumerian by Gabor Zolyomi

By Gabor Zolyomi

This paintings is the 1st finished description of Sumerian structures regarding a copula. utilizing the terminology of contemporary descriptive linguistics, it's obtainable to either linguists and sumerologists. utilizing round four hundred totally glossed examples, the e-book offers an research of all makes use of of the copula and gives an outline of the morphological and syntactic units used to mark identificational, polarity and sentence concentration in Sumerian.

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Copular Clauses and Focus Marking in Sumerian

This paintings is the 1st accomplished description of Sumerian buildings related to a copula. utilising the terminology of recent descriptive linguistics, it really is available to either linguists and sumerologists. utilizing round four hundred absolutely glossed examples, the e-book offers an research of all makes use of of the copula and offers an outline of the morphological and syntactic units used to mark identificational, polarity and sentence concentration in Sumerian.

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687-705) gives a detailed description of Sumerian CCs arranged according to the types of constituents that may function as S or PC. Jagersma’s description is the most detailed one ever written about CCs in Sumerian, and particularly, the parts on clauses with a non-finite verbal form as the PC are extremely insightful. Linguistic studies on CCs, however, discuss the kind of constituents in CCs only in connection with another kind of classification which appears to be more relevant to the description of CCs.

507-510) similar constructions are labelled as “sentence-focus clefts”. 4 Copular Clauses in Which the Order of S and PC Is Inverted In all CCs discussed up to this point, the constituent adjacent to the COP was the PC. The most important feature of the next clause type, type (D), is that the participant adjacent to the COP is the S. In other words, the order of PC and S is inverted. Characteristically, the S of these configurations is either an independent pronoun or a proper name. The kinds of NPs that may function as S, and the inverse order of S and PC both suggest that these CCs are specificational.

60) Mark Twain is Samuel Clemens. , word order), morphological or prosodic means, or some combination of these, to mark the information structure of clauses. In the case of a dead language without native speakers, preserved only in written sources, one has limited opportunities to recover and reconstruct its information structure. 38 A basic assumption of this work is that Sumerian is a language in which word order is determined by information structure. Sumerian is a verb-final language, and the order of the other constituents shows a great degree of variation with some frequent patterns.

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