Costa Rica: A Global Studies Handbook by Meg Tyler Mitchell Ph.D., Scott Pentzer Ph.D.

By Meg Tyler Mitchell Ph.D., Scott Pentzer Ph.D.

Costa Rica: an international reports instruction manual deals readers an authoritative journey of a impressive kingdom, tracing its ancient improvement from pre-Colombian population and Spanish colonization via emerging prosperity within the mid-19th century to present struggles to outline itself economically and politically.

Costa Rica combines narrative chapters at the nation's background and the present nation of its political, social, and cultural associations with alphabetically prepared entries protecting very important humans, locations, and occasions in its improvement. all through, the authors, drawing on vast learn and their very own reports, spotlight the various methods Costa Rica isn't like its friends, in addition to the demanding situations the rustic faces within the twenty first century's globalized world.

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It is the combination of tropical weather patterns and extremely varied geography that explains Costa Rica’s great biodiversity. In order to study and to try to protect these diverse environments, scientists have developed systems of classification of vegetation. One system, created by biologist L. R. ” Based on the criteria of heat, precipitation, and moisture, and taking into account differences in elevations, Costa Rica may be divided into 12 major zones and 12 lesser transition zones. This creates an intricate pattern of zones and helps explain the existence of many different ecosystems over a very small area (Hall and Pérez Brignoli 2003, 22).

As we have seen, the indigenous people took advantage of the diversity of the climate and vegetation and practiced extensive rather than intensive cultivation. com ABC-CLIO 1-800-368-6868 Geography and History 21 regions of Mesoamerica and the Andes (Sheets 1992, 30, 31; Carmack 1994, 289). Population density always remained low and relatively dispersed, and decentralized social and political systems were sufficient for the resolution of conflicts (either by peaceful or warlike means) and the exchange of goods among villages (Lange 1996, 315).

1200 to 1400. com ABC-CLIO 1-800-368-6868 Geography and History 23 Mesoamerica. The predominant motifs became an anthropomorphic jaguar, a feathered serpent, and the round goggle eyes of the Mexican rain god Tlaloc. These figures were often abstracted and simplified, repeated and reinterpreted. Just before the Spanish conquest, other motifs appeared in Nicoya ceramics, indicating renewed influences from northern South America. Many of the motifs may have originally been imported, but in Nicoya they were transformed into a style unique to that region and society (see Day 1988).

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