By Maureen E. Shea
Tradition and Customs of Guatemala deals a good rounded portrait of the folk of the land recognized for breathtaking highlands, brilliantly coloured Mayan textiles, generations of ruthless dictators, and violence opposed to the Mayas because the Spanish conquest. This critical American hotspot is the house to a majority of Mayas, their coexistence with Ladinos--the non-Mayas, and the difficulty of land possession give you the framework for realizing modern society. The combination of Mayan and Ladino cultural identities that form Guatemala this present day permeates Shea
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In the event of the death or incapacity of the President the Vice-President assumes office, or, failing that, the President of the Senate. Legislative power is vested in a bicameral Congress, consisting of a Senate of 27 members, three from each of the country’s nine Departments, and a Chamber of Deputies of 130 members, both chosen by the list system of proportional representation. Universal suffrage was established after the 1952 revolution, when women and illiterates over the age of 21 were granted the vote and the age of suffrage for married people was reduced to 18.
Area: 13,939sq km; capital: Nassau, on the largest of the islands, New Providence; total population: 304,913 (2001 census), some 85% of African descent, 12% North European and 3% Hispanic; official language (the main language in use): English. Constitution: The Constitution of the Bahamas came into effect at independence in 1973. The head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, is represented by a locally-born Governor-General, who appoints the Prime Minister, and, on the Prime Minister’s recommendation, the rest of the Cabinet.
Juan Vicente Gómez. After a brief spell in prison he escaped to Colombia and remained active in politics, joining the Communist Party in 1930. After the death of A– Z 45 Gómez in 1936 he returned to Venezuela to take part in left-wing agitation and was again exiled in 1939. In 1941 he returned to Venezuela and founded Acción Democrática (AD), which, in 1945, in alliance with junior army officers, led the revolt that toppled Gen. Isaías Medina Angarita. The provisional Government established thereafter carried out significant social reforms, wrote a new constitution and held the country’s first direct presidential elections.