By Gary Webb, Maxine Waters
Author note: Maxine Waters (Foreword)
Publish 12 months note: First released in 1998
Major movie in line with darkish Alliance and starring Jeremy Renner, "Kill the Messenger," to be be published in Fall 2014
Dark Alliance is a booklet that are meant to be fiction, whose characters appear to come immediately out of principal casting: the foreign drug lord, Norwin Meneses; the Contra cocaine dealer with an MBA in advertising, Danilo Blandon; and the illiterate teen from the interior urban who rises to develop into the king of crack, "Freeway" Ricky Ross. yet regrettably, those characters are genuine and their tales are true.
In August 1996, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Gary Webb surprised the realm with a chain of articles within the San Jose Mercury News reporting the result of his year-long research into the roots of the crack cocaine epidemic in the US, particularly in l. a.. The sequence, titled "Dark Alliance," printed that for the higher a part of a decade, a Bay quarter drug ring offered a whole lot cocaine to la highway gangs and funneled hundreds of thousands in drug gains to the CIA-backed Nicaraguan Contras.
Gary Webb driven his research even additional in his e-book, Dark Alliance: The CIA, The Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion. Drawing from then newly declassified records, undercover DEA audio and videotapes that had by no means been publicly published, federal court docket testimony, and interviews, Webb demonstrates how our govt knowingly allowed giant quantities of substances and funds to alter palms on the fee of our groups.
Webb's unique article spurred a right away outcry. inside of days of book, either one of California's senators made formal requests for investigations of the U.S. government's courting with the cocaine ring. accordingly, public demonstrations erupted in L.A., Washington D.C., and manhattan. Then-chief of the CIA, John Deutsch, made an extraordinary try at main issue keep an eye on through going to South significant L.A. to carry a public discussion board. consultant Maxine Waters later stated in George journal, "I used to be stunned by means of the extent of corruption and deceit and how the intelligence corporations have wisdom of big-time drug dealing."
The allegations in Webb's tale blazed over the web and the Mercury News' web site at the sequence was once deluged with hits--over 1000000 in a single day. A Columbia Journalism Review conceal tale known as it "the so much talked-about piece of journalism in 1996 and arguably the main famous--some might say infamous--set of articles of the decade."
Webb's personal stranger-than-fiction adventure is additionally woven into the ebook. His excoriation by way of the media--not as a result of any wrongdoing on his half, yet by way of an insidious means of innuendo and advice that during impression blamed Webb for the results of the story--had been all yet expected. Webb was once warned off doing a CIA reveal by way of a former Associated Press journalist who misplaced his task while, years sooner than, he had stumbled onto the germ of the "Dark Alliance" tale. And even though inner investigations through either the CIA and the Justice division ultimately vindicated Webb, he had by way of then been driven out of the Mercury News and long gone to paintings for the California kingdom Legislature job strength on govt Oversight. He died in 2004.
The up to date paperback version of Dark Alliance beneficial properties revelations in just-released stories from the dept of Justice, inner CIA investigations, and a brand new cache of lately declassified mystery FBI, DEA, and INS...
Winner of the 1999 PEN/Oakland Censorship Award
Winner of the 1999 Firecracker substitute Bookseller (FAB) Award, Politics category
Finalist for the 1999 Bay sector ebook Reviewers Awards
Read Online or Download Dark Alliance: The CIA, the Contras, and the Cocaine Explosion (2nd Edition) PDF
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Windjammer encouraged each guest to tip $50, and in a good week with a full ship, the crew divide would be somewhere between $80 and $120 apiece. Thus, tips, which came not from company coffers but from passengers’ pockets, equaled or exceeded many base salaries. Chrispin, for example, earned more than $350 in tips per month on top of his $300 salary. “They lived for tips,” said Melody Filarey, a regular passenger who knew many of the crew. In sharp contrast to the ofﬁcers, who were assembling marine résumés, and the white female crew, who often were enjoying career B E L I Z E : O C T O B E R 11—17 29 sabbaticals, the men and women of the Caribbean viewed the Fantome as a job that was better than anything they could ﬁnd at home.
The thirty-four West Indian crewmembers aboard the Fantome, some of them physically imposing and deeply colored, disarmed American passengers with brilliant smiles, laconic deference, humor, and the good manners learned at home. Their mothers, whom most still called “Mommy,” had taught them to say “good morning” and “good afternoon” to people they met and to welcome guests into their homes. Almost all had been brought up as regular Sunday churchgoers, raising the roof with gospel music sung to the beat of a steel-drum band.
Guest feedback invariably praised the Fantome’s crew for making the trip memorable, and repeat Jammers routinely asked reservation clerks: “Who’s going to be on board? Is Brasso on this trip? ” Rarely did a guest forget a ﬁrst conversation with Carl James, a slim engineer from Guyana. ” his standard comeback, delivered with a grin sparkling with one gold tooth and a Caribbean rhythm that made him 28 The Ship and the Storm sound like a West Indian James Bond, was, “Cool and deadly. ” Yet, in many respects, the Fantome mirrored the divide between the Third World and the First.