Darkest Italy: The Nation and Stereotypes of the by John Dickie

By John Dickie

Stereotypical representations of the Mezzogiorno are a power characteristic of Italian tradition in any respect degrees. In Darkest Italy, John Dickie analyzes those stereotypes within the post-Unification interval, whilst the Mezzogiorno used to be extensively visible as barbaric, violent or irrational, an "Africa" at the eu continent. whilst, this can be the instant while the Mezzogiorno turned a metaphor for the country of the rustic as an entire, the index of Italy’s modernity. Dickie argues that those stereotypes, instead of being a symptom of the issues of nationwide identification in Italy, have been really fundamental to the best way Italy’s bourgeoisie imagined themselves as Italian. Drawing on contemporary theories of Otherness and nationwide identification, Dickie brings a brand new mild to a major and well-established quarter of Italian history--the dating among the South and the state as an entire.

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43 They tend to pivot on the following type of question: does the way in which brigandage seems to refuse to obey normal juridical rules and categories permit the forces of order to do the same in order to combat it? An extreme meditation on the legitimacy of exceptional measures comes from the prefect of Avellino in October 1862: our attempts to tame the ferocity of these murders with the word of the law are in vain. 44 The further brigandage could be located outside the juridical space, the easier it was to legitimate the exceptional legislation formed to suppress it.

The Piedmontese army was therefore to be legitimated and motivated by a monarchistic Italian nationalism rather than by an aristocratic and parochial praetorian ethos, a bourgeois careerism, or a Mazzinian ardor. In the military sphere as elsewhere, the national cause provided the ground on which the interests of Piedmontese dynastic expansion and administrative modernization could be reconciled. 24 For the ideologues of the Piedmontese ruling class, the army found its military and ideological raison d’être in a dynastic vision of the nation to come, as Italy was to find its incarnation and expression in the army.

The following newspaper report from 1865 deals with the execution of two brigands at which there was an “immense” crowd: Pinnolo and Bellusci were not walking, but running, and the priests in attendance were struggling to keep up. . ” These were his last words. Twelve rifles fired at Pinnolo and Bellusci’s backs. . Some surly characters could not understand why the people ran to collect the bullets, and thought they were doing it in the hope of gain. This is not true. 68 Some of the differences between this execution and the regulation model merit exploration: the denial of the usual expressions of repentance, for example.

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