By Deborah Yashar
The author's clean reinterpretation of those circumstances demonstrates that sooner than the 1950's, the 2 nations commonly related styles of political switch and improvement, together with seven a long time of Liberal authoritarian rule starting within the 1870's, slightly below a decade of democratic reforms within the 1940's, and short yet consequential counterreform activities that overthrew the democratic regimes at mid-twentieth century. Why did Costa Rica emerge with a permanent political democracy and Guatemala with authoritarian rule following those commonly comparable historic trajectories? Demanding Democracy argues that the democratizing coalition's luck in Costa Rica and its failure in Guatemala rested upon its means to redistribute elite estate early on and to workout powerful political regulate of the countryside.
The book's specific theoretical process integrates an research of the stipulations fostering democracy with these conducive to its persistence. In doing so, it bridges arguments that concentrate on democratic transitions and people who specialize in their consolidation. additionally, it strikes past debates concerning the function of constitution and corporation in those techniques via targeting the interaction among old associations that prefer authoritarian rule and the political coalitions that paintings to remake these associations in methods consonant with democracy.
Read Online or Download Demanding Democracy: Reform and Reaction in Costa Rica and Guatemala, 1870s-1950s PDF
Best central america books
This pioneering and accomplished survey is the 1st evaluate of present subject matters in Latin American archaeology written completely via teachers local to the area, and it makes their accrued services to be had to an English-speaking viewers for the 1st time.
The individuals conceal the main major concerns within the archaeology of Latin the US, equivalent to the domestication of camelids, the emergence of city society in Mesoamerica, the frontier of the Inca empire, and the rather little recognized archaeology of the Amazon basin.
This publication attracts jointly key components of study in Latin American archaeological concept right into a coherent complete; no different quantity in this quarter has ever handled this type of varied diversity of matters, and a few of the nations tested have by no means earlier than been the topic of a local research.
A lot of what we presently find out about the traditional Maya matters the actions of the elites who governed the societies and left files in their deeds carved at the huge constructions and sculptures that stay as silent testimony to their strength and standing. yet what can we be aware of of the typical people who worked to construct the temple complexes and palaces and grew the foodstuff that fed all of Maya society?
A Mesoamerican go back and forth publication from views and centuries. In 1839 John Lloyd Stephens, then 31 years outdated, and his touring significant other, artist Frederick Catherwood, disappeared into the huge rain wooded area of jap Guatemala. they'd heard rumors that continues to be of a civilization of incomparable inventive and cultural benefit have been moldering within the steamy lowland jungles.
Lonely Planet: The world's major commute advisor writer Lonely Planet Guatemala is your passport to all of the such a lot suitable and updated recommendation on what to work out, what to pass, and what hidden discoveries look ahead to you. discover the road markets of Chichicastenango, climb the radiant Maya ruins of Tikal or dip your ft within the airy Lago de Atitlan; all together with your relied on go back and forth significant other.
- The Rough Guide to Costa Rica 5 (Rough Guide Travel Guides)
- Female Prostitution in Costa Rica: Historical Perspectives, 1880-1930 (Latin American Studies: Social Sciences & Law)
- The Postcolonial Politics of Development (Postcolonial Politics)
- Costa Rica For Dummies (Dummies Travel)
- Emblem and State in the Classic Maya Lowlands: An Epigraphic Approach to Territorial Organization
- Maya Intellectual Renaissance: Identity, Representation, and Leadership (Linda Schele Series in Maya and Pre-Columbian Studies)
Additional resources for Demanding Democracy: Reform and Reaction in Costa Rica and Guatemala, 1870s-1950s
11 By the end of the 188os, telegraphic communication was possible throughout the country (McCreery I990: no). Liberals also founded an agricultural bank and invited foreign investment. But most significantly, the government issued a series of measures to enhance the emerging coffee producers' access to lands and labor. Coffee producers sought rich agricultural lands in the west and the Verapaces provinces to the north of Guatemala City. These regions proved particularly well-suited for coffee production.
As Ciro Cardoso has stated, There is no doubt, however, that it was not control over the land which enabled the coffee bourgeoisie to achieve a high degree of economic, social, and political dominance. Rather it lay in their ability to manipulate and combine the three basic monopolies which were fundamental to the coffee trade: the control of rural credit and the processing and marketing of the crop .... To summarize, the particular demographic, historical, and ecological conditions of the country permitted the survival and even the expansion of the smallholding property structure, at the same time as the control of rural credit and the processing and marketing of coffee underwrote the economic, social, and political supremacy of the small ruling group.
Policemen could and often would detain indigenous men to examine their booklets. If state officials found that workers had not worked the required number of days, they sentenced rural laborers either to work on a plantation or to jail (McCreery I 994: 304, 3 I 7- I 8 ), where they had to perform forced labor anyway. In short, the vagrancy laws assured an ample and cheap labor supply for the landowners and state while simultaneously increasing statecoerced control over the rural indigenous population.