By Dipak K. Basu
Over 3,000 phrases with transparent, operating definitions, substitute meanings, and similar references include this uniquely concentrated lexicon. released in a handy, paperback structure, it covers chemical, strength, nuclear, plasma, condensed topic, and solid-state physics, fluid dynamics, quantum mechanics, quantum optics, thermodynamics, and fabrics technological know-how.
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Additional resources for Dictionary of material science and high energy physics
D’Alembert’s paradox General result of potential (irrotational) flow theory that a moving body does not experience a drag force. This result, derived in the 18th century, was at odds with both intuition and observation of flow about a body in motion. Dalgarno–Lewis method Method developed by A. T. Lewis (1955) that occasionally enables the second order perturbative correction to the energy of a state to be evaluated exactly. Dalitz pair A high energy gamma can convert into an electron positron pair in the electric field of a nucleus.
Classical limit Used to describe the limiting behavior of a quantum system as the Planck constant approaches the limit h¯ → 0. classical mechanics The study of physical systems that states that each can be completely specified by well-defined values of all dynamic variables (such as position and its derivatives: velocity and acceleration) at any instant of time. The system’s evolution in time is then entirely determined by a set of first order differential equations, and, as a consequence, the energy of a classical system is a continuous quantity.
Decay constant The probability that a nucleus undergoes radioactive decay in an interval δt is given by λδt, where λ is the decay constant. This constant depends only on nuclear properties which are independent of all other physical quantities including time. Thus, the number of nuclei remaining after a given time, t, will be N (t) = N (t = 0)e−λt . decay rate (A) The rate at which a state spontaneously decays to states with lower energy. The decay rate is also referred to as the Einstein A coefficient.