Dictionary of Mexican Rulers, 1325-1997 by Juana Vazquez-Gomez

By Juana Vazquez-Gomez

This elementary reference dictionary offers a brief consultant to people who have ruled Mexico from 1325 to 1997. It covers all rulers from the Aztec Empire to the present president, Ernesto Zedillo. The booklet offers an aim portrait of the political management and describes the conditions surrounding significant occasions. prepared chronologically, with a word list, appendixes, and identify index, the booklet contains 4 major chapters--The Aztec Empire, The Conquest and Viceroyalty, From Independence to the Diaz Dictatorship, and Revolution and sleek Mexico. every one bankruptcy opens with a short characterization of the interval. a realistic advisor to Mexico's lengthy and intricate background, this ebook includes brief biographical entries on all of the country's 185 rulers. Entries describe the most accomplishments and screw ups of every tenure. The publication additionally comprises an appendix describing Mexico's major plans, treaties, conspiracies, and constitutions.

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Place ALVARO MANRIQUE DE ZU of death: Madrid, Spain; Wife: Blanca de Velasco; Position: Viceroy; Term: October 17, 1585–January 27, 1590. Manrique’s rule was plagued by frequent pirate invasions. During his tenure the old conflict between the secular clergy and the orders resurfaced, and Manrique took sides with the seculars. The Dominican, Franciscan, and Augustinian orders were not pleased with him, and the quarrels brought New Spain to the brink of a civil war. He was tried by the church courts, all his belongings were seized, and 24 DICTIONARY OF MEXICAN RULERS, 1325–1997 he was removed from office.

The expansion of the Spanish Empire meant a wider propagation of the Catholic faith and growth in the church’s wealth. In New Spain the church was part benefactor and part tyrant for the indigenous people. New administrative institutions played a major role in the public and private life of all the people. Some, like the courts, were positive; others were intolerant, like the Holy Inquisition. Some were neutral, like the Council of the Indies and the Casa de Contratacio´n. During the viceregal period, the mestizo was born: a person of mixed blood whose ancestry can be traced to the European and Asian continents.

Gu¨emes had a distinguished career in the military, and his record indi- ENCOUNTER, CONQUEST, AND COLONIAL PERIOD, 1502–1821 41 cates he was a courageous, intelligent, and skillful administrator. During his term as viceroy, he displayed these qualities and many more. His knowledge in mining brought badly needed revenue to the national treasury and some prosperity to the nation. Trade was promoted, and general commercial activity in the country grew notably. He founded eleven new towns and a colony named New Santander in what is now Tamaulipas, a northeastern border state adjacent to the United States.

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