By J. Allan Hobson
Humans have continuously been intrigued by means of the contents of goals, trying to interpret their which means as both divine messages or the coded communiques of repressed wants, a l. a. Freud, yet what concerning the formal positive factors of desires, asks Harvard psychiatry professor and sleep specialist Hobson. goals have particular perceptual, cognitive, and emotional traits that set them except waking consciousness--loss of know-how of self, lack of orientation, lack of directed idea, relief in logical reasoning, and terrible memory--that correspond, because it seems, to express modes of mind job. As Hobson meticulously fits dream gains to mind chemistry, he cajoles readers into changing mystical interpretations with an realizing of the facts indicating that our important goals are the result of the brain's regimen processing of an overpowering volume of reminiscence. at the start this angle could appear reductively mechanical, yet Hobson, who costs largely from his personal 116-volume dream magazine, doesn't deny that goals provide clues to the psyche, and the advanced workings of the mind are every piece as entrancing because the such a lot impressive of goals. - Donna Seaman
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Extra info for Dreaming: An Introduction to the Science of Sleep
Dreams have been regarded as prophetic communications which, when properly decoded, would enable us to foretell the future. T h e r e is absolutely no scientific evidence for this theory and considerable scientific evidence against it. It is certainly true that individuals who are concerned about a traumatic event, such as the threat of the loss of a loved o n e who is sick, will dream about that loved o n e m o r e than would otherwise be the case. We know from our experiments on lucid dreaming that it is possible to influence dream content simply by having a subject in mind while going to sleep.
In Chapter 4, we take up the question about the dreaming brain that, so far, only our animal collaborators can answer; in Chapter 5, we consider the implication for the development of the abundant, florid R E M sleep of all mammalian newborns. My point here is simple and descriptive. T h e first step of any natural history endeavour is to observe (quietly and carefully) and to r e c o r d o n e ' s observations (thoroughly and systematically). It is How is the brain activated in sleep? as embarrassing as it is instructive that this was never done by anyone aspiring to either sleep or dream s c i e n c e before 1 9 3 0 .
Uniting neurology and psychiatry, the mental status e x a m Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science? is a comprehensive checklist of mind functions that are k n o w n to be disrupted by organic brain disease, i . e . brain disease caused by a physical rather than a mental condition. To introduce the far-reaching implications of d r e a m s c i e n c e to a general science of consciousness, consider the following categories of the mental status e x a m : • Consciousness: clear or clouded?