By Francisco E. González
Latin America's region-wide 1982 fiscal cave in had a drastic impression on governments all through primary and South the USA, top many to the verge of failure and pushing a number of of the main stridently authoritarian -- Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Uruguay -- over the threshold. strangely although, Chile's repressive army dictatorship and Mexico's hegemonic civilian regime persevered amid the industrial chaos that rocked the sector. twin Transitions from Authoritarian Rule explains why the regimes in those international locations survived the monetary upheaval of the early Nineteen Eighties and the way each one advanced towards a extra open, democratic, market-driven method in later years. utilizing an in-depth comparative research of Chile and Mexico, Francisco Gonz?lez explains that the 2 governments -- notwithstanding really varied ideologically -- possessed a typical kind of institutionalized authoritarian rule that not just served to keep up the political established order yet, sarcastically, additionally aided proponents of political and fiscal liberalization. that includes a dialogue of parallel phenomena in Brazil, Hungary, Taiwan, and South Korea, twin Transitions from Authoritarian Rule provides a cogent problem to the got knowledge that sociopolitical and fiscal switch inside of authoritarian countries has to be approached individually. This e-book will curiosity students of Latin American politics, democratization experiences, industry reform, and comparative politics and diplomacy.
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Extra resources for Dual Transitions from Authoritarian Rule: Institutionalized Regimes in Chile and Mexico, 1970--2000
Between 1975 and 1982, Chile embraced a radical version of free market reforms, while Mexico promoted state-led economic development, particularly through the development of its oil industry, a state monopoly. Notwithstanding the two countries’ di√erent political structures and the opposite economic policy strategies they followed during those years, the Chilean and Mexican authoritarian regimes su√ered the economic debacle of 1982, which hit almost every Latin American country. From 1982 on, crisis management forced the two countries’ politico-economic trajectories to converge.
Unlike its counterparts in Argentina and Uruguay, the Chilean military junta was able to transcend its purely negative raison d’être—the defense of national sovereignty against communism and its ‘‘internal agents’’—through the claim that it was engaged in a radical transformation, or ‘‘modernization,’’ of the economy. It is worth remembering Linz’s drawing attention to a purely negative raison d’être as an ideological weakness of authoritarian regimes and the need for a positive one if they are to be able to institutionalize their rule.
2 percent. 2 percent. 8 percent annually. 9 percent annually. ≤ These measures do not rank Chile with respect to each of the other Latin American economies during this period. They nonetheless show with the beneﬁt of hindsight that the Latin American country with the best economic record in the region between the mid- 20 The 1970s 1980s and the year 2000 was below the aggregate Latin American average only thirty years ago. This dissociation between political and economic development fueled increasing politico-economic antagonisms, which led to the collapse of Chilean democracy, the construction and institutionalization of a strong military regime, and economic restructuring along neoliberal or free market lines.