By Claudia W. Ruitenberg, D.C. Phillips
In the new academic examine literature, it's been asserted that ethnic or cultural teams have their very own distinct epistemologies, and that those were given brief shrift by means of the dominant social workforce. academic examine, then, is pursued inside of a framework that embodies assumptions approximately wisdom and information creation that replicate the pursuits and historic traditions of this dominant team. In such arguments, although, a few correct philosophical concerns stay unresolved, reminiscent of what claims approximately culturally specific epistemologies suggest, accurately, and the way they relate to standard epistemological differences among ideals and data. additionally, can those methods of creating wisdom withstand severe scrutiny? This quantity marshals quite a few assets to pursue such open questions in a full of life and obtainable approach: a severe literature overview, analyses from philosophers of schooling who've various positions at the key concerns, a roundtable dialogue, and interactions among the 2 editors, who occasionally disagree. It additionally employs the paintings of admired feminist epistemologists who've investigated parallel matters with sophistication. This quantity doesn't settle the query of culturally specific epistemologies, yet teases out a few of the philosophical, sociological and political facets of the difficulty in order that the controversy can proceed with better clarity.
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Additional info for Education, Culture and Epistemological Diversity: Mapping a Disputed Terrain
By following strict methodological rules, scientists aim to distance themselves from the values, vested interests, and emotions generated by their class, race, sex, or unique situation…. Moreover, this researcher decontextualization is paralleled by comparable efforts to remove the objects of study from their contexts…. Ethics and values are deemed inappropriate in the research process, either as the reason for scientiﬁc inquiry or as part of the research process itself. Finally, adversarial debates, whether written or oral, become the preferred method of ascertaining truth: the arguments that can withstand the greatest assault and survive intact become the strongest truths.
In producing the specialized knowledge of Black feminist thought, Black women intellectuals often encounter two distinct epistemologies: one representing elite white male interests and the other expressing Afrocentric feminist concerns. Epistemological choices about who to trust, what to believe, and why something is true are not benign academic issues. (pp. 202–203) Epistemologists will be happy with her clear reference to justiﬁcation of knowledge claims, but the account gets muddied with the suggestion that what counts as an adequate epistemological justiﬁcation depends upon whether one is an elite white male or an Afrocentric feminist – further explication seems called for, and this is what appears to be in the ofﬁng in the following section.
Finally, adversarial debates, whether written or oral, become the preferred method of ascertaining truth: the arguments that can withstand the greatest assault and survive intact become the strongest truths. (p. C. Phillips commentators – and furthermore she does not distinguish between positivism and logical positivism (see Phillips 2000). Putting this aside, and focusing on the passage itself, the ﬁrst comment is that it is not only positivists who hold that science aims to produce objective generalizations – the vast majority of scientists themselves hold this view.