By T. Gallagher
All societies include ethnic divisions. normally, schooling has acted to advertise social integration, yet with the acknowledgement of variety will we recognize which procedure most sensible promotes confident inter-community kin? schooling in Divided Societies examines the event of quite a number platforms, together with these which supply universal colleges and people which position minorities in separate colleges. The booklet argues that constructions don't warrantly results and that approaches of debate and interconnected social structures give you the path to the long run.
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Contact alone, in other words, tended to escalate the conflict still further. The researchers were able to identify one type of contact that did go some way to reducing intergroup conflict. This involved the use of superordinate goals, that is, goals which both groups wanted to achieve, but which neither could achieve independently. In fact most of the superordinate goals in the study had to be specially organised by the researchers to occur ‘spontaneously’ and their positive impact only became evident over a number of specific instances.
The remaining three cantons, all of which are German-speaking and border on other predominantly German-speaking cantons, had not passed any legislation on this issue. The reason for the delay, Hega argues, is due to the interplay of community, canton and state interests. Currently the educational role specified for the confederal government is as follows: it oversees vocational training, regulates gymnastics and sports, runs various federal institutions and grant systems, and supports scientific research and special education.
The main approach that developed from this work was termed ‘social identity theory’. In essence this argued that part of our identity is based on the social groups to which we belong. In an echo of Said’s (1978) argument on ‘orientalism’, social identity theory suggested that we base our sense of social identity not only on the characteristics of our own group, but through comparisons between our group and other groups. Furthermore, it argued that, because we want to maintain a sense of positive self-esteem, we make these comparisons on dimensions that cast our own group in a positive light.