Education in the Soviet Union: Policies and Institutions by Mervyn Matthews

By Mervyn Matthews

This ebook presents a complete survey of the successes and screw ups of schooling and coaching within the Khrushchev and Breshnev years. the writer provides an aim overview of the accessibility of the most different types of establishment, of the contents of classes and of Soviet makes an attempt to marry the functioning in their schooling approach to their perceived financial and social wishes. moreover the ebook has many beneficial and unique positive factors: For ease of study it summarises in diagram shape advanced statistics which aren't frequently introduced jointly for therefore lengthy a period of time. It presents a scientific account of academic laws; Matthews’ comparability of sequence of legitimate decrees will let refined shifts in executive coverage to be adequately charted. specific cognizance can also be paid to a couple of concerns which are usually missed: the employment difficulties of faculty and faculty graduates; the position prestige of academics; political keep an eye on and militarisation in faculties; the shut aspect of upper schooling curricula; and the speed of pupil failure. Of specific worth is the bankruptcy on these academic associations that are frequently passed over from Western experiences and that are infrequently recognized as such in such a lot respectable Soviet assets. [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]

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They went to work merely to pass the time until re-sitting the VUZ entrance examinations, or to obtain a certificate of employment which allowed them to take advantage of preferential admission rules (see p. 154). Managers naturally looked askance at these aims. The result of the various frictions was that whenever the demand for labour slackened, juveniles and part-time students were the first to suffer. The youth unemployment of these years was not, however, only of an involuntary kind. Increasing numbers of ten-year school leavers – Khrushchev contemptuously called them ‘white-hands’ – were unwilling to work, and dreamed only of going straight into a VUZ.

Production training for schoolchildren was to be organised in ‘instruction and production workshops at nearby enterprises, in state and collective farm pupils’ Downloaded by [Aligarh Muslim University] at 02:40 23 September 2013 General Education under Khrushchev 27 brigades, on instruction plots and in school or inter-school instruction and production workshops’. The interspersal of instruction and labour was to fit the trades taught and the facilities available locally. The trades were to be determined, incidentally, not by the enterprise managements (which might be untrustworthy) but by local authorities; and these, together with the relevant ministries, were to ensure that the necessary workplaces and instruction were provided.

On 10 August 1964 a joint decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers stipulated that from 1966 eight classes of full-time general schooling were to be followed by two more, and not the three stipulated by the reform. This returned to the full-time ten-year course the centrality which Khrushchev’s reform would have effaced. The involvement of the Central Committee in the measure betokened opposition to the eleventh year in the highest party circles. An even more forthright rejection of polytechnisation as Khrushchev envisaged it came in a decree of 23 February 1966.

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