Encyclopedia Of Buddhism (Encyclopedia of World Religions) by Edward A. Irons

By Edward A. Irons

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After this he collected his followers and eventually established the Jodo Shu school of Japanese Buddhism. 1158–1210 ¶ Chinul, a Chan monk in Korea, promotes Hua Yan (Avatamsaka) and Chan practice in Korea; the latter came to be known as Son. He advocated a path of cultivation in which sudden enlightenment was followed by gradual awakening, as seen in his work Susim kyol (Secrets on cultivating the mind). 1192 ¶ The Kamakura era (1192–1338) begins with the shogun (military ruler) assuming real power throughout Japan as opposed to the emperor, based in Kyoto.

S. : American Theological Library Association/Scarecrow Press, 1991). ” Some of the most intriguing and counterintuitive of these practices involved a practitioner’s intentionally killing the body (usually by ingesting a poisonous compound) to attain “immortal” life. Daoists often speak of such alchemical deaths as shijie (liberation from the corpse). ” The theoretical basis for the practice of “alchemical suicide” is rooted in ancient Chinese beliefs concerning QI (“matter-energy,” the basic “stuff” of existence), the “soul(s),” and the afterlife.

Suzuki later writes more than 100 books and is instrumental in explaining Buddhism to the modern West. 1899 1881 ¶ The Pali Text Society is founded by Thomas W. Rhys Davids. The society, based in London, continues to publish the Pali canon of Buddhism as well as dictionaries and a journal. ¶ The Buddhist Churches of America (BCA) is founded in San Francisco when Sonoda Shuye and Nishijima Kakuryo arrive in the city as representatives of the Honpa Hongwanji sect of Jodo Shinshu. 1885 1899 ¶ The Buddhist flag is first unfurled on Wesak, the celebration of the Buddha’s birth date, in Sri Lanka (then Ceylon).

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