Encyclopedia of World Cultures: Middle America and the by David Levinson

By David Levinson

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Holding multiple jobs and sharing jobs are common in Antigua and Barbuda. For example, a man may work as a carpenter, keep cows, and rent a house. The growth of tourism has enabled many more people, particularly women, to enter the labor force. For the most part, however, household chores, tending gardens and domestic animals, and child care remain women's work even if they hold full-time jobs. Land Tenure. The government owns nearly 60 percent of the available land in Antigua. The practice of offering short-term leases to individuals has not proved particularly conducive to land improvement.

In Handbook of South American Indians. Vol. 4, The Circum-Caribbean Tribes, edited by Julian H. Steward, 495-565. : Bureau of American Ethnology. Cancian, Frank (1965). Economics and Prestige in a Maya Smith, Carol A. (1977). " In Peasant Livelihood: Studies in Economic Anthropology, edited by Rhoda Halperin and James Dow. New York: St. Martin's Press. Stavenhagen, Rodolfo (1968). Clases, colonialismo y aculturacion: Ensayo sobre un sistema de relaciones interetnicas en Mesoamerica. Guatemala City: Editorial J.

Given the area's soil quality and the hilly nature of the land, the system of agriculture is slash and burn. Implements include the machete, tarecua (a weeding tool), coa (native spade), and enduyo (a planting tool). The amount of seed sown is measured in maquillas (units of weight) or cajones (boxes). Only very few indigenous families can afford to maintain cattle. The Amuzgo complement crop and livestock production by producing handicrafts, mainly weaving and embroidery. Trade. Indigenous products formerly played a major part in commercial exchange, but, in the hands of the mestizo population, trade has turned toward modern goods and increasingly less toward local handicrafts.

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