By R. Macmullen
Ramsay MacMullen provides a complete therapy of the styles of deviation from perspectives approved one of the dominant teams and periods of the 1st 4 centuries of the Empire.
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Additional info for Enemies of the Roman Order: Treason, Unrest, and Alienation in the Empire
52–3. : Harvard University Press, 1968), p. 45. 121 On Mastanesosus, see infra, p. 56. 122 Cicero, In Vatinium 12. 689–94. 29 JUBA’S NUMIDIAN ANCESTRY Nothing further is known about Hiempsal’s reign. 125 The date of the death of Hiempsal II and accession of Juba I falls between 62 and 50 BC, but the details of the succession have not been preserved. Juba I was born no later than around 80 BC and had spent time in Rome as his father’s agent. 129 As Rome degenerated into permanent civil instability, the conspicuous physical differences between Romans and foreigners – especially that implied in the very word barbarus – became an element of popular culture and invective.
119–20). 79 The name Jugurtha, however, was in vogue in later imperial times, as his memory became idealized (see Elizabeth W. B. 17909). Moreover, Jugurtha also became a modern paradigm for African liberation movements against the European colonial powers: see Jo-Marie Claassen, “Sallust’s Jugurtha – Rebel or Freedom Fighter? On Crossing Crocodile-Infested Waters,” CW 86, 1992–3, 273–97. 23 JUBA’S NUMIDIAN ANCESTRY did not recognize the importance of good relations with Rome (in contrast to his betrayer, Bocchus of Mauretania), who killed off his rivals and involved Rome in a horrible and fruitless war that resulted in no obvious beneﬁts.
58–9,” LCM 8, 1983, 87–9. 117 Paul (supra note 30), pp. 261–3. 117; Plutarch, Cicero 12; Cicero, Pro Sulla 65; Gruen, Last Generation (supra note 114), p. 394. 119 On this, see Fentress, Numidia and the Roman Army (supra note 3), pp. 53–4. 28 JUBA’S NUMIDIAN ANCESTRY cessfully to Rome to be recognized as an independent king. It is probable that he was a descendant of Jugurtha, perhaps a grandson, since to Suetonius he was “iuvenis” and Jugurtha’s sons, if still alive, would be in their midforties.