Experimental Abnormal Psychology by B. V. Zeigarnik (auth.)

By B. V. Zeigarnik (auth.)

In contemporary years psychology has significantly extended and en­ riched its kinfolk with clinical perform, at the start with psychiatry. This orientation towards experimental irregular psy­ chology has been heavily tied to the sensible initiatives of psychiatry: differential analysis, institution of the constitution and volume of impairment, and the dynamics of psychological problems as plagued by therapy, and so forth. Experimental irregular psychology has been no less significant for the theoretical difficulties of psychology and psychiatry. The research of pathological adjustments in psychological methods is helping in facing questions about the constitution and formation of psychological task. The learn findings of irregular psychology even have very important implications for overcoming biologizing trends within the interpre­ tation of human psychology. the current e-book doesn't attempt to offer an exhaustive expo­ sition of all divisions of irregular psychology. It introduces the reader purely to these difficulties which this day appear to be most sensible labored out experimentally: the breakdown of highbrow potential, proposal problems, the method of establishing an ex­ periment within the psychiatric health center, and sure questions in terms of motivational disturbances and mental progress and rot. a few rewritten sections from the author's previous ebook, "The Pathology of Thinking," were incorporated. v vi FOREWORD the current quantity is meant for psychology scholars, for psycholOgists, and for physicians operating in psychiatry.

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This assimilation is accomplished not as the simple accumulation of facts, but rather as a process of synthesis, generalization, and abstraction. Thought depends on a certain system of concepts which makes it possible to reflect action in generalizations and abstractions. S. L. Rubinshtein correctly indicated in his book "Thinking and Ways to Study It" that generalization stems from an analysis which reveals basic relationships. Intellectual operations with concepts must imply a different attitude toward an object, one in which the opportunity is allowed of establishing different relationships between objects.

Clinical manifestations of thinking disorders are extremely diverse; some of them are considered typical for a given kind of disease. In diagnosing a disease, clinicians are frequently influenced by the presence of a particular kind of thinking disturbance. Therefore, in all psychiatric texts and monographs, dealing with the most diverse clinical problems, we find statements about thought disorder; many articles on the disorganization of cognitive activity are to be found as well in the psychological literature.

Goldstein in his work on aphasia: the patient had to sort real objects according to what they were made of. The psychological difficulty here is that a "general" classification rule (the kind of material a thing is made of) was often contradictory to the customary concrete associations betwcen the objects (for example, according to the role of material composition, a pen might be grouped with a spoon; but the functional connection between pen and book interferred with such a grouping). Consequently, to classify in terms of a general attribute, concrete links between objects have to be suppressed and classification according to an abstract prinCiple has to prevail.

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