Familia Caesaris: A Social Study of the Emperor's Freedmen by P. R. C. Weaver

By P. R. C. Weaver

The slave and freed slave periods are of the 1st value for any learn of the social constitution of the Roman international within the first and moment centuries advert. between them the emperor's personal slaves and freedmen, the Familia Caesaris, deserve distinct cognizance: this used to be an important in prestige and the main cellular socially of the entire teams in slave-born periods; it additionally had the best continuity of improvement and the people who comprised it may be pointed out and dated in adequate numbers for major statistical comparisons to be made up of their family-relationships and occupations. the first resources for this learn are inscriptions - over 4 thousand of them - quite often sepulchral, short, stereotyped and undated. one in all Professor Weaver's major achievements has been to set up standards for courting and analyzing this intractable fabric in order that it will possibly yield the social historian trustworthy statistical info. He exhibits how the Familia Caesaris differed from different sections of the slave and freedman periods and the way even inside of it there has been a substantial measure of social differentiation.

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T. Flavius Aug. 2 = D 4046 (AD 103/4); VI X8456. M. Ulpius Aug. : xi 3614 = D 5918a (AD 113/14); SEG xi 1124 (AD 102/14); vi 8821 (AD IIO); cf. in 7130. Hadrian: T. Flavius Aug. : vi 975 = D 6073 (AD 136); 30901 = D 1622, cf. 682 = D 1623 (AD 128). M. Ulpius Aug. : vi 975 = D 6073 (AD 136); 1884 = D 1792 (AD 130) twice; 4228 (AD 126); SEG xin 601 = IGR 1 1255 = OGI n 678 (AD 118). P. Aelius Aug. : vi 975 = D 6073 (AD 136); 4228 (AD 126); in 6998 = D 7196; SEG 1 441, cf. iv 417, n 529 = AE 1924, 103.

Vespasiani Caesaris Aug. Titus: vi 276: Daphnus Imp. T. Caes. Aug. Vespasiani ser. Domitian: 8831 = D 1657: Eutychus Imp. Domitiani Caesaris Augusti Germanici servus dispensator Montanianus; 9052 = D 1703: Placidus Imp. Domitiani Aug. Trajan: 18456: Onesimus Imp. Caesaris Nervae Traiani Aug. Germ. ser. Phoebianus. 2 Inscriptions of this type are numerous among the slave sepulcrales of the first century, particularly among the columbaria in and near Rome. The chronological balance of the dated inscriptions is thus redressed in favour of the first century.

1. Ianuarius (vi 8449 = D 1552) who died aged 26, the limits would be 106 or more probably 96; for M. Ulpius Aug. 1. Thallus (vi 29272) who died aged 35, AD 135 and 125; for P. Aelius Aug. lib. Secundus (vi 8997), who died aged 46, AD 165 and 155; for T. Aelius Aug. lib. Titianus (vi 8878 = D 1685) who died aged 42, AD 180 and 170; and so on. On this basis Ti. Iulius Aug. 1 , the father of Claudius Etruscus, who died aged 90, could not have died later than c. AD 105 and would probably not have survived AD 95.

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