Fast Fourier Transform and Convolution Algorithms by Henri J. Nussbaumer

By Henri J. Nussbaumer

Within the first version of this publication, we coated in bankruptcy 6 and seven the functions to multidimensional convolutions and DFT's of the transforms which we've brought, again in 1977, and known as polynomial transforms. because the ebook of the 1st variation of this publication, a number of very important new advancements in regards to the polynomial transforms have taken position, and we've got integrated, during this variation, a dialogue of the connection among DFT and convolution polynomial rework algorithms. This fabric is roofed in Appendix A, in addition to a presentation of latest convolution polynomial remodel algorithms and with the appliance of polynomial transforms to the computation of multidimensional cosine transforms. now we have discovered that the fast convolution and polynomial product algorithms of Chap. three were used generally. This brought on us to incorporate, during this variation, numerous new one-dimensional and two-dimensional polynomial product algorithms that are indexed in Appendix B. because our e-book is getting used as a part of a number of graduate-level classes taught at a number of universities, we've further, to this version, a suite of difficulties which hide Chaps. 2 to eight. a few of these difficulties serve additionally to demonstrate a little research paintings on DFT and convolution algorithms. i'm indebted to Mrs A. Schlageter who ready the manuscript of this moment version. Lausanne HENRI J. NUSSBAUMER April 1982 Preface to the 1st variation This publication offers in a unified approach many of the quick algorithms which are used for the implementation of electronic filters and the assessment of discrete Fourier transforms.

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In order to simplify the notation, we shall replace special symbols EB and @ with the notation that has been defined for residue arithmetic. Using this notation, we first introduce residue polynomials and the Chinese remainder theorem. = b @ b @ c. 3 Residue Polynomials The theory of residue polynomials is closely related to the theory of integer residue classes. Thus, our presentation begins with the concept of polynomial division. In this presentation, we shall assume that all polynomial coefficients are defined in a field, in order to ensure that the usual arithmetic operations can be performed without restrictions on these coefficients.

For longer convolutions, the a, must be chosen among a larger set of distinct values. In this case, some of the a, are no longer simple so that multiplications in the reductions and Chinese remainder operation are unavoidable. This means that the Cook-Toom algorithm is practical only for short convolutions. For longer convolutions, better algorithms can be obtained by using a transform approach which we now show to be closely related to the Cook-Toom algorithm and Lagrange interpolation. This can be seen by noting that Y(z) is reconstructed by the Chinese remainder theorem from the L1 + L z - 1 scalars Y(a,) obtained by substituting a, for z in Y(z).

87). 88). This is done by using Euclid's algorithm, as described in Sect. 1, but with integers replaced by polynomials. 9-10]. 4 Convolution and Polynomial Product Algorithms in Polynomial Algebra The Chinese remainder theorem plays a central role in the computation of convolutions because it allows one to replace the evaluation of a single long convolution by that of several short convolutions. We shall now show that the Chinese remainder theorem can be used to specify the lower bounds on the number of multiplications required to compute convolutions and polynomial products.

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