Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience by Lillian Hoddeson

By Lillian Hoddeson

Fermi nationwide Accelerator Laboratory, positioned within the western suburbs of Chicago, has stood on the frontier of high-energy physics for 40 years. Fermilab is the 1st background of this laboratory and of its robust accelerators informed from the viewpoint of the folks who equipped and used them for medical discovery. concentrating on the 1st 20 years of study at Fermilab, through the tenure of the laboratory’s charismatic first administrators, Robert R. Wilson and Leon M. Lederman, the booklet lines the increase of what they name “megascience,” the collaborative fight to behavior large-scale foreign experiments in a weather of constrained federal investment. in the middle of this new weather, Fermilab illuminates the expansion of the trendy study laboratory through the chilly struggle and captures the drama of human exploration on the leading edge of technology. (20090313)

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21 Later that month, President Kennedy, who in the eyes of MURA researchers was on their side, was assassinated and the nation entered a period of mourning. 43 CHAPTER THREE As the United States emerged from its bereavement a few weeks later, BOB director Kermit Gordon cast the bureau’s vote on MURA. In a memorandum to the new president, Lyndon B.

16 Caltech had, in any case, judged Sands’s accelerator project too expensive to support on its own. A sponsoring group named the Western Accelerator Group (WAG) was then formed. WAG included, besides Caltech, the University of California at Los Angeles, the University of California at San Diego, and the University of Southern California. But the University of California at Berkeley did not join WAG. 1 Lawrence and his “boys,” 1939. Lawrence is in the center of the front row; McMillan is fourth from the left in the middle row; Wilson is third from the right and Oppenheimer is sixth from the right in the top row.

46 Brookhaven estimated that its design study would cost $4 million with completion in three years, incorporating an electron synchrotron into its design and planning to explore schemes for accelerating protons to energies as high as 1000 GeV. ”47 The AEC’s Dilemma, 1962 The AEC worried about the “bad feelings” brewing at the “large laboratories” in response to the competing proposals from Berkeley and Brookhaven. 48 Seaborg raised a ticklish point. As a former member of Berkeley’s staff, he had many close Berkeley associations; he had shared with McMillan not only the Nobel Prize but residence at the Berkeley Faculty Club.

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