Fiat CR.32 Aces of the Spanish Civil War by Alfredo Logoluso

By Alfredo Logoluso

«Асы» Гражданской Войны в Испании 1936 – 1939 гг. Тип истребителя: Fiat CR.32Итальянский бипланFiat CR.32, получивший у испанцев прозвище «Chirri» («Cверчок»), был изящным и чрезвычайно манёвренным истребителем для своего времени. В период Гражданской Войны в Испании 1936 – 1939 гг., не менее чем 477 самолётов данного типа (в том числе около a hundred произведённых по лицензии на территории Испании) сражались на стороне националистов во главе с генералом Франко, что оказало немалое влияние на исход войны. За всё время боев истребители CR.32 одержали 709 подтверждённых воздушных побед и около 320 побед неучтённых официально, потеряв при этом только sixty two машины. Данная статистика показывает, что CR.32 был непревзойдённым лидером в небе над Испанией. В итоге к концу Гражданской Войны первую пятёрку лучших асов конфликта составили испанские лётчики, пилотировавшие истребитель CR.32. В данной книге исследован боевой путь выдающихся лётчиков, а также других успешных пилотов, сражавшихся на истребителях CR.32 в период Гражданской Войны в Испании 1936 – 1939 гг.

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The pilot rewarded the latter with 100 pesetas for his assistance and soon met up with the vanguard of the Corpo Truppe Volontarie, returning to his unit five hours later. Once the front east of Motril had been secured, his fighter was also recovered. 32 Squadriglie based at Torrijos were ordered to support a Nationalist offensive on the River Jarama front from mid February. It was hoped that success in this campaign would allow the encirclement of Madrid from the south. On the 13th, during a patrol in support of the offensive, three Ratas were shot down near Arganda.

The fighters’ demise was credited to Montegnacco, who claimed one by himself, and Presel, Baccara and Salvi, who shared the second success between them. Soviet I-16 pilot Lt Pavlov was killed. 32s and nine He 51s. Soviet fighters succeeded in destroying one Junkers tri-motor, although its Spanish crew survived. Seven Soviet fighters were claimed as destroyed Sergente Presel (right) was almost an ace when this photograph was taken in November 1936, having by then claimed four individual and one shared victories and one unconfirmed.

Torrijos to Madrid, escorting five Junkers. Fourteen Fiats attacked 13 “Curtiss fighters” – three 29 CHAPTER TWO 30 combats, one frontal, fired on the second while banking, and on the third from behind. Noticed several hits on the fuselage of one aircraft, but could not follow him due to the presence of others. Remained alone throughout, and eventually saw five “Martin bombers” attacking Getafe and Cuatro Vientos from 5000 metres. I fired at them twice until my guns stopped. ’ That afternoon, it was the Legion Condor’s turn to ‘mix it’ with the Soviet fighters when I-15s and I-16s attacked a formation of 12 He 51s and three Heinkel He 46 light bombers.

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