First Bible of the Church. A Plea for the Septuagint (JSOT by Mogens Muller

By Mogens Muller

The 1st Bible of the Church describes of the form of the Jewish Bible on the time of the hot testomony, with a different specialise in the importance of the Greek translation, the Septuagint. The Jewish defence of the Septuagint model and its reception into the early Church makes it a consultant of the Jewish Bible culture totally on a par with the Hebrew Bible. This truth is principally very important as the Septuagint is widely utilized in the recent testomony writings, wherein it-and no longer the Hebrew Bible (the Masoretic text)-is the obvious candidate for the identify of the 1st Bible of the Church.

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San. 10 and lOla, the following announcement has been preserved: 'R. '" Quoted after Schafer, 'Die sogenannte Synode', p. 64 n. 54. ), Testamente, pp. 71-84. 18. g. the book of Ezekiel, see Beckwith, The Old Testament Canon, pp. 274-337. Here it is said in conclusion (p. 323): 'The disputes were of limited significance. ' 19. See for this Stemberger, 'Jabne und der Kanon', p. ' Somebody 'from above' must have decided, though, which texts should be incorporated in the temple library as sacred writings.

4. 57 Particularly the discovery of fragments of major parts of the Minor Prophets at the Wadi Murabba'at (1952) and Nahal Hever (1962) has been of great value. 59 Soon after the first finds it became clear that these fragments 56. g. 54). See the discussion in Jellicoe, Septuagint and Modern Study, pp. 94-99. Jellicoe asks in conclusion whether Symmachus may best be understood 'as pertaining to a version of anonymous authorship presumably in circulation among an Ebionite sect in Cappadocia, not named after him..

It is not said so directly, but may well be supposed that the indirect purpose of the assurances was to defend this translation at the cost of others. It has been suggested that this defence was at the cost of older translations,8 as well as that Aristeas itself betrays the existence of such older translations. This supposition is based on Aristeas 30 and 312-16. The first of these passages is part of Demetrius' memorandum to the king. In the translation of Herbert Andrews it runs: And they have been carelessly interpreted [aeaf||aavTai] and do not represent the original text.

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