French Studies In The Philosophy Of Science: Contemporary by Anne Fagot-Largeault (auth.), Anastasios Brenner, Jean Gayon

By Anne Fagot-Largeault (auth.), Anastasios Brenner, Jean Gayon (eds.)

Having tested earlier volumes of the Boston experiences sequence dedicated to diversified nations, and having mentioned tips on how to current modern learn in France, we have now arrived at a cautious collection of 15 individuals, together with the organizers. Our target is to collect philosophers and working towards scientist from the key associations of the rustic, either universities and examine centers.

The parts of analysis represented right here hide a large spectrum of sciences, from arithmetic and physics to the lifestyles sciences, in addition to linguistics and economics. this feature is a show off of French philosophy of technological know-how, illustrating different tools hired: logico-linguistic research, rational reconstruction and historic inquiry. those contributors be able to relate their learn either to the French culture and present discussions at the foreign scene. additionally integrated is a considerable ancient creation, explaining the improvement of philosophy of technological know-how in France, some of the colleges of inspiration and techniques in addition to the main options and their significance.

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A common endeavour calls for, if not a plan, at least a common rationality. What follows is about doubts and hopes, and about the reasons we have for tolerating, and even loving, a variety of styles in the ways philosophy of science is practiced. A rough survey of notorious works in philosophy of science will suggest (at least) three different styles. The argument goes through five points, with the subtitles: 1. Science and philosophy, 2. The legend, 3. Beyond the legend, 4. Styles in philosophy of science, 5.

What do they share? It may be a common desire for truth. How do they differ? One may hypothesize that science works at conquering new pieces of knowledge, and philosophy retrospectively studies how science did the work (philosophy accompanies science, as history and methodology of science); then philosophy and science complement one another. One may also hypothesize that theoretical speculation, prospective thinking, from inside science, is tentatively philosophical. Let us briefly examine the three styles just sketched.

Dilthey does not mean to say that modern sciences are in no relation to philosophy, he means to say that they are not rooted in philosophy. Human sciences 32 A. Fagot-Largeault have their roots in human (real) history. They do not need metaphysical principles for a start, they need a methodology. Philosophy is not the foundation of human science: it is its achievement, its “ultimate result”. Science culminates in philosophy: The set of mind sciences combined all historical research under the viewpoint of universal history, rooted those sciences in history, and gathered together philology, criticism, historiography, comparative history and history of evolution.

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