Gender and Immortality: Heroines in Ancient Greek Myth and by Deborah Lyons

By Deborah Lyons

In contemporary years, the subject of historic Greek hero cult has been the point of interest of substantial dialogue between classicists. Little cognizance, even though, has been paid to woman heroized figures. the following Deborah Lyons argues for the heroine as a unique class in historical Greek non secular ideology and day-by-day perform. The heroine, she believes, needs to be positioned inside a community of kin among female and male, mortal and immortal. utilizing proof starting from Homeric epic to Attic vase portray to historical commute writing, she makes an attempt to re-integrate the female into our photo of Greek notions of the hero. in accordance with Lyons, heroines range from male heroes in different the most important methods, between that's the power to move the limits among mortal and immortal. She additional indicates that focus to heroines clarifies basic Greek rules of mortal/immortal relationships.

The ebook first discusses heroines either on the subject of heroes and as a separate spiritual and mythic phenomenon. It examines the cultural meanings of heroines in ritual and illustration, their use as examples for mortals, and their average "biographies." The version of "ritual antagonism," within which mythic figures represented as opposed proportion a cult, is eventually changed via an exploration of the mythic correspondences among the god Dionysos and the heroines surrounding him, and during a rethinking of the connection among Iphigeneia and Artemis. An appendix, which identifies greater than heroines, rounds out this vigorous work.

Originally released in 1997.

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27 Our sources for the Herdis are all late. Plutarch mentions it in connection with two other Delphic festivals, the Charila and the Septerion, which were celebrated in succession at eight-year intervals. Burkert (1983) emphasizes the antiquity of the Septerion, 127-28. Jo­ seph Fontenrose, Python: A Study of Delphic Myth and Its Origins (Berkeley, 1959) 377-78, HEROINES AND HEROES 15 appears in Aristophanes, Theocritus, Callimachus, and others, as well as in various inscriptions. In the Hellenistic period, the form ήρώισσα (heroissa) is particularly popular.

In schol. 617). For Niobe herself as a rocky outcropping, see Paus. 3. See Forbes Irving (1990) passim. HEROINES AND HEROES 27 epulis consumpserunt (Those who ate their children for supper), and the unfortunately missing Quae immortales cum mortalibus concubuerunt (Goddesses who slept with mortals). The Hellenistic interest in collecting and codifying myth also led to the development of specialized genres, among which the two most useful for the study of heroines are the books of Katasterismoi and Metamorphoses.

3 8 Euripides, a known innovator, may play fast and loose with the plot but usually seems to conform to contemporary practices when he places an aetiology in the mouth of the deus ex machina at the end of so many of his plays. 3 9 A source like Pausanias reports both on the monuments he sees and on the 35 He was honored as the Herds Dexion (the receiving hero) for giving house-room to the cult of Asklepios before a temple was built in Athens (Etym. Mag. 6). On his role see H. W. Parke, Festivals of the Athenians (Ithaca, 1977) 135.

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