Geology and Geoarchaeology of the Black Sea Region: Beyond by Ilya V. Buynevich, Valentina Yanko-Hombach, Allan S.

By Ilya V. Buynevich, Valentina Yanko-Hombach, Allan S. Gilbert, Ronald E. Martin

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57–70 (in Russian). , Paleogeografiya Evropy za poslednie sto tysyach let (Atlasmonografiya) [Palaeogeography of Europe during the Last 100,000 Years (Atlas-Monograph)]: Moscow, Nauka, p. 92–109 (in Russian). , 1963, Über das Großklima einiger Pflanzenareale in zwei Klimakoordinatensystemen dargestellt: Annales Botanici Societatis Zoologicae, Botanicae Fennicae ‘Vanamo,’ v. 34, p. 1–64. , 2004, Late-Glacial and Holocene river development in the Teleorman Valley on the southern Romanian Plain: Journal of Quaternary Science, v.

27 28 Kislov and Toropov INTRODUCTION The targets of our exploration are the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea (including the Sea of Azov). This paper describes the relationship between sea level and climate based on links between variations in sea level and the runoff from rivers. During the final late Pleistocene and postglacial periods, the Caspian Sea fluctuated between regressive and transgressive stages. The Black Sea experienced fluctuations as well, but these were mainly controlled by the world ocean due to water exchange through the Bosporus Strait.

5 times greater than the present; see Fig. 9) does not support the “flood hypothesis” proposed by Ryan et al. (1997). This hypothesis holds that the –120 to –150 m stage of the Black Sea lasted until ca. y. P. The estimated high river runoff does not agree with a low level and isolated-lake status of the Black Sea throughout the LGM and LGT. , 1995). To maintain a low stage at the LGM and LGT, the values of effective evaporation should have been much higher than today. Reconstructions of Tarasov et al.

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