By Alice C. Harris
Georgian has occasionally been defined as a language that's 'totally irregular', the place the notions of 'subject', 'object' and 'indirect item' haven't any relevance. even though it is usually pointed out in paintings on basic linguistics, language universals and language typology, no systematic account of the syntax of this morphologically complicated language has been on hand for Western linguists. Dr Harris's paintings fills this crucial want, and certainly her booklet presents the best and such a lot thorough reports on hand in English of the syntax of a non-Indo-European language. operating within the framework of relational grammar - a framework that's attracting nice curiosity - Dr Harris indicates that Georgian does have structures present in better-known languages, and the examine of person languages to the improvement of linguistic conception.
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Additional resources for Georgian Syntax: A Study in Relational Grammar
1 0 ( 24) (a) (:erils miv(:er 3mas. ' (b) (:erils miv(:er. ' (c) miv(:er. ' 3mas. ') (b) (:erils dav(:er. ' ( c) dav(:er. ' The root of both verbs is (:er ; da-, mi-, and mo- are preverbs, the presence of which indicates completed aspect. The difference between mi- and mo- is determined by the grammatical person of the indirect object (cf. ch. 6, example ( 19» ; first and second person require mo-, third mi-. ll The rule drops first, second, and third person independent personal pronouns unless they are either emphatic, or else non-terms.
Person o 3. person -slalo ' I 'h ' plural v-t -t -enleslnen, etc. markers indicate the person of the subject in Series II. The in (9) are parallel to those in ( 1 8) of ch. I ; only the tense and have been changed. same ' ''i l l llpies 'il . 's I)) (a) namcxvari gamo-v-asxve. ' (h) Ilomcxz)ari gamocxv-a. ' t . ) istvine? ' c)a) lh . person subject triggers v- ; and in (b) the third person I I l l; ·n t riggers - u .
Additional evidence to support a rule of Unemphatic Pronoun Drop is given in ch. 3, n. 3 . 4. 1 Motivating Unemphatic Pronoun Drop and the proposed inventories of initial terms 4. 1 . 1 Person Agreement. The rule of Unemphatic Pronoun Drop is needed to account for the fact that verbs are marked to agree with a particular person, even when the corresponding nominal is absent from the surface structure. The verb form v�er 'I write', for example, will always be associated semantically with a first person subject, not a second or third.