Governance and Grievance: Habsburg Policy and Italian Tyrol by Miriam J Levy

By Miriam J Levy

Governance and criticism touches on numerous facets of Habsburg household coverage, targeting how the rulers stimulated and have been prompted by means of advancements in either Italian and German Tyrol, and the way they used to virtue the competing nearby interests.

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And, he continued, when Maximilian I incorporated the area into the County of Tyrol, the Roveretans had indeed changed their political master, but they had not at the same time changed their nationnot even when the Trentino became part of the "Germanic Empire:' Nations are distinguished principally by Genius, Customs, and Lan~ guage. Italian alone is the Genius of our Land, Italian the thought, the dress, the manners and every other custom, and finally Italian is the language, although German is also spoken by many....

But lest anyone misunderstand their purpose, they made it clear that they wanted only to make German,Austrian ideas accessible to Italians and that their work was in no way to be interpreted as a "renuncia, tion ... "23 39 PRIESTS, POETS, AND ACADEMICIANS From the beginning, therefore, the Agiati were concerned with italianita, especially with their own italianita. As early as the july 1752 meeting of the Agiati, Francesco Frisinghelli, a professor of rhetoric in Rovereto's gymnasium and a member of the academy, presented a memoir entitled, "Che questo nostro paese di Rovereto e parte della vera Italia" {"That this our land of Rovereto is part of the true Italy"}.

The entire Brenner Road also had to compete with a new toll road that bypassed Tyrol entirely and ran through the Swiss canton of Graubunden (Grigioni, Grisons). Tyroleans repeatedly protested to Vienna about the favoring of the Tri, este route and the resulting adverse affects on their own economy. But despite these repeated petitions, the first presented as early as 1729, not much was done to make the Brenner route more competitive. Then, in 1763, Vienna ordered a study to find out just what had happened to Tyrol's transit trade; the findings showed that Bozen and southern Tyrol had clearly suffered as Trieste,connected commerce through the Pustertal and northern 25 H EAR TAN D S HIE LID 0 F THE H A B S BUR G REA L M Tyrol had increased.

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