By Alexander Krings
Climbers, akin to lianas and vines, are very important parts of tropical forests and maybe the one most vital physiognomic attribute differentiating tropical from temperate forests, taking place on approximately 50% of wooded area bushes in critical and South the United States. regardless of their frequent dietary and medicinal use, lianas stay poorly understood ecologically.
Tendrillate Climbers deals complete insurance of the entire tendrillate lianas of Costa Rica and lots of the tendrillate lianas of crucial the US. This specified reference provides
- Excellent keys to households and separate keys to genera and species
- State-of-the-art nomenclature and lists of synonymy whilst different clinical names were released or used informally
- Each species illustrated by means of the author’s hand-drawn line artwork
An worthy addition to our figuring out of tropical forests, the booklet deals new info in addition to details introduced jointly from dispersed courses and unpublished lists and stories. In those instances of habitat fragmentation and species loss, this information is an important contribution to the organic study that's thriving in relevant the US, specially Costa Rica.
Tendrillate Climbers fills an incredible hole within the botanical literature. Its excessive point of scholarship and entire assurance will astonish the tropical botanists, forestry scientists, ecologists, biologists, and horticulturalists who will wish it as a reference for his or her persisted paintings in this missed workforce of plants.
Chapter 1 creation (pages 3–8):
Chapter 2 households (pages 9–10):
Chapter three Bignoniaceae (pages 11–36):
Chapter four Cucurbitaceae (pages 37–74):
Chapter five Fabaceae (pages 75–78):
Chapter 6 Loganiaceae (pages 79–86):
Chapter 7 Passifloraceae (pages 87–118):
Chapter eight Polemoniaceae (pages 119–122):
Chapter nine Polygonaceae (pages 123–124):
Chapter 10 Rhamnaceae (pages 125–128):
Chapter eleven Sapindaceae (pages 129–150):
Chapter 12 Smilacaceae (pages 151–160):
Chapter thirteen Vitaceae (pages 161–168):
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Additional resources for Guide to Tendrillate Climbers of Costa Rican Mountains
Staminate inﬂorescence with several ﬂowers 13. Corolla orange to red 14. Calyx orange or reddish, lobes frequently at least 4 mm long (sometimes 2–3 times as long as the calyx tube)... Gurania, p. 55. 14. 5 mm long or less (always a fraction of the calyx tube length)... Psiguria, p. 62. 13. Corolla white, greenish, to yellow 15. Flowers with 10 nectaries at base of hypanthium... eSchium , p. 66. 15. Flowers lacking nectaries at base of hypanthium 16. Filaments distinct or connate only near base 17.
Field Mus. Nat. , Bot. Ser. 18: 1387. 1938. Description. Vine; stems puberulent to glabrate. Leaves simple, to 13 cm long and 15 cm wide, unlobed or lobate, frequently with patelliform glands clustered near leaf base, scabrous to puberulous above, short-tomentose below; tip acute; base cordate. Tendrils simple or biﬁd, curling only above the bifurcation. Staminate ﬂowers solitary, paired, or in racemes, axillary; calyx campanulate, to 8 mm long, somewhat villous internally, puberulous externally; corolla white, to 1 cm long; petals scattered villous internally, shorttomentose externally; stamens 3; ﬁlaments free; anthers connate.
52: 90. 1917; A. hosmeca Pittier, Contr. S. Natl. Herb. 18: 256. , Feddes Repert. 17: 56. 1921; P. , Feddes Repert. 17: 56. , Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 65: 100. ) Sandwith, Candollea 7: 247. 1937; P. ) Sandwith, Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 34: 210. 1937; P. macrocarpum (Donn. ) Sandwith, Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 34: 210. 1937; P. pachypus (K. ) Sandwith, Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 34: 210. 1937; P. pohlianum (Bureau & K. ) Sandwith, Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 34: 211. 1937; P. alliaceum var.