Halophiles and Hypersaline Environments: Current Research by Antonio Ventosa, Aharon Oren, Yanhe Ma

By Antonio Ventosa, Aharon Oren, Yanhe Ma

This booklet offers the most recent leads to the exploration of halophilic micro organism, archaea, fungi and viruses. uncomplicated and molecular facets in addition to attainable biotechnological purposes of halophiles are highlighted by means of prime scientists. issues contain: the relatives Halomonadaceae; the hypersaline lakes of internal Mongolia ; Salinibacter ruber - from genomics to microevolution and ecology; theimpact of lipidomics at the microbial international of hypersaline environments; molecular mechanisms of model to excessive salt focus within the black yeast Hortaea werneckii; viruses in hypersaline environments; initiation and law of translation in halophilic Archaea; protein delivery into and throughout haloarchaeal cytoplasmic membranes; protein glycosylation in Haloferax volcanii; the impact of anoxic stipulations and temperature on gasoline vesicle formation in Halobacterium salinarum; halophiles uncovered to a number of stressors; mobile changes of Bacillus subtilis to fluctuating salinities; the character and serve as of carotenoids in Halobacillus halophilus; xanthorhodopsin; enzymatic biomass degradation by means of halophilic microorganisms; and enzymes from halophilic Archaea.

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It was first isolated from a piece of algal mat (“meteor paper,” see also Oren 2010) that had formed in Marina Lake, a small salt lake in California. 8 mm in size and 2–4 mm thick (Fig. 2c). D. piercei is still recognized as representative of one of the major subgroups within the diverse genus Dunaliella (Borowitzka and Siva 2007; Gonza´lez et al. 2009). 2 The Halophilic World of Lourens Baas Becking 17 To honor Baas Becking’s contribution to Dunaliella research, a new species of the genus was named in his honor as D.

Since the 1990s, 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison became the most widely used method to establish phylogenetic relationships between members of the family Halomonadaceae. Dobson et al. (1993) obtained the 16S rRNA sequences of Halomonas (Deleya) aquamarina, Halomonas (Deleya) halophila, Halomonas (Deleya) marina, Halomonas elongata, Halomonas meridiana, Halomonas subglaciescola, and Halomonas (Halovibrio) variabilis and analyzed them together with the sequences of Halomonas halmophila and other species of the Gammaproteobacteria.

Bilingual Slovenian/English publication. Drzˇavna Zalozˇba Slovenije, Ljubljana Hofmeister F (1888) Zur Lehre von der Wirkung der Salze. Arch Exp Pathol Pharmakol 24: 247–260 Kushner DJ (1985) The Halobacteriaceae. In: Woese CR, Wolfe RS (eds) The bacteria, vol VIII, Archaebacteria. Academic Press, Orlando, pp 171–214 Leberman R, Soper AK (1995) Effect of high salt concentrations on water structure. Nature 378:364–366 Lorenz R, Molitoris HP (1992) Combined influence of salinity and temperature (Phoma-pattern) on growth of marine fungi.

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