Language and the Brain: Representation and Processing by Yosef Grodzinsky, Lewis P. Shapiro, David Swinney

By Yosef Grodzinsky, Lewis P. Shapiro, David Swinney

The examine of language has more and more develop into a space of interdisciplinary curiosity. not just is it studied via speech experts and linguists, yet by means of psychologists and neuroscientists in addition, rather in realizing how the mind methods that means. This e-book is a complete examine sentence processing because it relates to the mind, with contributions from members in a big selection of backgrounds, overlaying every thing from language acquisition to lexical and syntactic processing, speech pathology, reminiscence, neuropsychology, and mind imaging.

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For its truth value to be determined), a belief has to be formulated in terms of propositional structure. A syntactic representation is simply the wrong vehicle for belief fixation. Thus some process must convert syntac- 1. Fodorian and Representational Modularity 9 tic structure into the propositional content of what the speaker said. Is this process slow, Quinean, and isotropic? Or is it part of the language perception processor? Fodor seems to think it is not part of language perception (or else fails to notice that it is necessary); Marslen-Wilson and Tyler and I think it is.

Similarly, the interface that relates propositional structure to visuospatial understanding knows nothing about such important aspects of propositional structure as scope of quantification, conditionals, illocutionary force, or value. It recognizes only those aspects of propositional structure that deal with objects, their parts, their location, their motion, and perhaps the forces among them. It also does not know everything there is to know about spatial representation: in particular, it probably does not have access to detailed analogue shape information about objects (Landau & Jackendoff, 1993).

A crucial point emerges from this look at the interface modules: we should not think of the mind at all as translating or interpreting input signals into thoughts. There is no sense, for example, in which syntactic structure is a translation of phonological structure; rather, some aspects of it correlate with some aspects of phonological structure, and other aspects of each are independent. That is, we ought to think of the relation between representations created by an interface not as a translation but rather as a sort of partial homology.

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